MYTHICAL CREATURES AND BEINGS


This list is a work in progress. If you have a mythical beast, demon, legend, monster,
or spirit you would like to add here, please send me an e-mail below:


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Abatwa
Said to be the tiniest creatures of human form in existence, these little people coexist peacefully with the ants in the anthills of Southern Africa and live on their foraging from the roots of grasses and other plants. They are very shy and so are elusive; however tend to reveal themselves to very young children, wizards, and pregnant women.


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Abnuaaya (The Wind Man): see also Almas


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Abominable Snowman
A large creature, not human but walking upright, allegedly living in the mountains of Tibet. See also Yeti


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Adaro               
The Adaro is a creature which is half human, half fish, having the upper body of a human and the lower part of its body is like a fish. They live in the sun, and travel to earth on rainbows. While on earth, they travel on waterspouts. This creature is from Melanesia. It is just one of such creatures which are recounted in legends from nearly all parts of the world which can be related to the tales of the Mermaid. Unlike mermaids, they are dangerous to humans, as they shoot them with flying fish, causing unconsciousness and sometimes death.


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Adlivun
The Adlivun are in Eskimo myth (Canada and Arctic) 'Those Beneath Us' or those in the underworld or the Underworld itself. It is the home of Sedna, goddess of the sea. This is where the dead are purified before continuing on to the Land of the Moon.


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Aeval
A Faery Queen of southwestern Munster. In her district a debate was launched on whether the men were satisfying the woman's sexual needs. In a midnight court, Aeval heard both sides and then decreed the men wrong and sentenced them to overcome their prudishness and accede to the woman's needs. (Kisma)


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Afanc
A giant toothed worm that lives in lakes. A fully grown one is 20 yards long and two yards in diameter, and of very frightening appearance. It does not appear to have any eyes, but it sees quite well. It rears out of the water quite suddenly and can attack in the same turn that it sufaces. An anfanc will attack any Being that approaches its area. The teeth are sharp, and there are lots of them. A single bite is almost invariable fatal due to blood loss. They are believed to be degenerate Dragons.


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Afreet: See Jinn.

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Agathion
A familiar spirit which only appears at midday in the shape of a human or an animal, or even within a talisman, bottle or magic ring.


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Ahool
A legendary giant bat, or by other accounts, a pterodon or flying primate. Named for its distinctive triple call, it is said to live in the deepest rainforests of Java.


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Aigypan: See also Vasitri


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Agogwe
Allegedly, another mysterious primate, this time from Tanzania, East Africa. The Agogwe is described as a small (4, 4½ ft tall) rust colored woolly-haired biped with yellowish-red skin.


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Ah Puch
In Maya mythology, Ah Puch (Alternatively Ahpuch or Hun ahau) was the God of death and King of Metnal, the underworld.Ah Puch is depicted as a skeleton or corpse adorned with bells, sometimes the head of an owl.

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Ahuizotl  
This is a creature in the legends of Central America. In appearance it is half human and half monkey, with a hand coming out of the end of its tail. The Ahuizotl is greatly feared as an eater of human flesh, and it particularly likes eyes, teeth and nails. Being a water creature, it uses its tail hand to snatch people walking too close to the water's edge, or fishermen. Sometimes it cries and when people come near it to see what is wrong, it grabs them.


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Aitvaras                
This Lithuanian creature is described as having the appearance of a cock while in doors and the appearance of a dragon out doors. An Aitvaras will lodge itself in a house, and refuses to leave. It brings both good and bad luck to the inhabitants of the house. It brings wealth, but since the money is almost always stolen it causes problems for the family. An Aitvaras can be purchased from the devil, the price being the soul.


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Ajatar                
This is a dragon from Finnish legend. This dragon is known to be evil. She suckles serpents and causes pestilence and disease. It is possible that she is related to the Lithuanian Aitvaras.


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Akalo, Sa'a, Ulawa
(Solomon Islands) The soul of a living man and a friendly ghost of the dead. Every person becomes an Akalo when he dies and is invoked by his own people.


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Akkiyyini
In Inuit folklore, the Akkiyyini is a skeletal ghost that, during his life, enjoyed dancing and playing the drum.When the Akkiyyini hears people making fun of his dancing, he emerges from the grave and uses his arm bone as a drumstick and his shoulder blade as a drum. This causes the ground to violently shake and causes the river to become savage, overturning boats and drowning his unfortunate victims.


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Akuma                
The akuma is also known by the names Toori Akuma, or Ma. This Japanese creature is terrifying and evil. It has an enormous flaming head with eyes like coals. It flies through the air brandishing a sword. Even the sight of an akuma brings bad luck.


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Al                
There are two versions of the al. In ancient Persian legend they're half human and half beast, having eyes like fire and tusks like a boar, iron teeth brass claws, and copious shaggy hair. They prefer to live in swamps. They are particularity feared for preying on women in child birth, as new-born babies are its favorite food. In Afghan legends, the als are young women with floating hair and very long nails who feed upon the corpses of the dead.


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Alan                
The alan are mischievous half-human half bird creatures from the Philippines. They usually live in forests and spend much of their time hanging upside down from trees. This is because they have fingers on their feet and toes on their hands. They are very friendly towards humans and in several Filipino legends have acted as foster parents to heroes.


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Alaska's Hairy Man: See also Arulataq


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Aleron
A bird the color of fire, with razor-sharp wings


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Algul
This Arabic vampire's name literally means "horse-leech" or "blood-sucking jinn". The incarnation and nature of the algul varies from region to region, its most notable example being found in literature as Amine, in the 'Thousand and One Nights' (also known as 'The Arabian Nights').


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Alkali Lake Monster
Alkali Lake is located in Nebraska. The Indians of this area told the white settlers of a creature dwelling in the lake. In 1923, J.A. Johnson reported in the Omaha World-Herald that he, along with 2 friends, saw the creature. He also states that he knew of 40 others who had also seen the animal. The 3 saw the creature while camping near the lake. The saw the creature 3/4 out of the water and about 20 yards away. They described the creature as being 40 ft long, dull gray/brown and a horn-like object between it's eyes and nostrils. They said it looked similar to an alligator but was bigger and heavier than an alligator. When the creature noticed the men, it thrashed it's tail about and then dove under the water.


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Allghoi Khorkhoi (Mongolian Death Worm)
This creature was first sighted in 1926 in the Southern Gobi Desert in Mongolia. It is described as a thick-bodied worm about 2 to 4 feet long. The creature is reported to be able to spray a acid like substance that causes death instantly. It is also claimed that this creature has the ability to kill from a distance with some sort of super charged electrical charge. Numerous Mongolians have reported seeing this creature including a Mongolian Premier. The creature is reported to hibernate during most of the year except for June and July when it becomes active.


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Almas (Albasty, Alma, Almasty)
Chinese name for 'Yeti'. See also Yeti.


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Alseids
Nymphs of glens and groves. They liked to scare travelers.


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'Alukah
A Hebrew succubus and vampire derived from Babylonian demonology. The 'Alukah bears a close resemblance to the Arab 'Aulak.


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Alux: See also Maricoxi


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Alven
Alvens have bodies that are so light as to make them almost invisible. They are not winged faeries, but they can travel through the air by becoming encased in a water bubble. Occasionally they will show themselves while wearing the skins of otters. Their malice towards humans extends only to those who choose to desecrate their homes and sacred plants.


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Amadán                
This is one of many types of Irish færies. The Amadán are to be feared as even a faint touch from one can cause instant and complete paralysis. They are sometimes known because of this, as the stroke lads. They are particularly dangerous to criminals or to people who walk in the moonlight, and are particularly active in the month of June.


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Ammut                
This is an Egyptian monster with the head of a crocodile, a lion's body, and the back end of a hippopotamus. The Egyptians call her the eater of the dead, for her function in the Hall of Double Justice of Osiris. The hearts of the dead were weighed against the feather of truth and those that failed to past the test were fed to Ammut.


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Amphisbæna                
This is a serpent with two heads one at each end of its body, and glowing eyes. Its name means 'goes both ways' in Greek. Pliny recorded medicinal properties of the beast. Wearing a live amphisbæna will protect pregnant women, and wearing a dead one is a remedy of rheumatism.


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Amphiptear (see also Jaculus)
A serpent with wings. It is said to guard Frankincense trees in Arabia.


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Angels
Spiritual being attendant upon God. The Angels are the lowest order of the angels, and the most familiar to men. They are the ones most concerned with human affairs. Within the category of angels, there are many different kinds, with different functions. The angels are sent as messengers to men.


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Angiaks
Children of the living dead of Eskimo lore. In hard times, unwanted babies were taken out into the snow by tribal elders to die of exposure. Unless the tribe would move to a new hunting ground, they would often find themselves haunted by this small, miserable ghost.


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Anguta
Anguta, known as "His Father", is responsible for conveying the dead to Adlivun where they must sleep for a year. The supreme being of the Inuit.


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Abchanchu
Abchanchu is said to shapeshift into the form of a helpless, elderly traveler. When a passerby offers to help him, Abchanchu seizes him and drinks his blood.

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Anka                
The anka was an Arabian bird of huge size, large enough to carry an elephant. Similar to the phoenix, it had a long life span (in this case 1700 years) at the end of which it burned itself and rose again. The Arabs believed that it was a creation of god, originally as a perfect bird, but over time, according to legend, they devoured all the animals on earth and started carrying off children. The people appealed to Jehovah who prevented the anka from multiplying, thus they eventually became extinct. Because of its huge size, it has also been associated with the roc.


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Ankou
The faerie version of the grim reaper. Sometimes he's portrayed as a benevolent, comforting figure.


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Anthropophagi
A cannibal faerie. He has no head, but his eyes sit atop his shoulders and a mouth may be found in his torso. His lack of a nose allows him to eat human flesh without gagging


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Apparition: See Ghosts


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Archai: See also Archangel


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Archangel
A supernatural being of Zoroastrian Persian, Judaic, Christian, and Islamic theology, counted among the angels.In some (possibly early?) Christian rites, all four of the main archangels (Michael, Gabriel, Raphael and Uriel) were invoked as guarding the four quarters, or directions, and the colors associated with them are associated with their "magical" properties. The Archangels are usually considered the lowest order of the First Sphere; these angels tend the larger arenas of human endeavor and act as the administrative leaders of the Heavenly beings. An archangel is usually given a task of great importance to men.


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Ardat-Lile
A Semitic succubus; also a class of succubi. They are noted for the voracity of their sexual appetites, and for the delight they take in doing harm to mankind.


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Argus panoptes                
His name means "all seeing" or "bright" he was called this because he had 100 eyes. The eyes were all over his body and even when the others were closed, two stayed open and were watchful. He killed the horrible Echinda in her sleep. Hermes eventually charmed him to sleep and cut off his head. Hera took his eyes and placed them in the tail of the peacock.


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Arimaspi
The Arimaspi are barbaric flesh eaters and would usually hunt alone rather than in groups, they would usually clobbered their prey to death with a club then feast on them raw. They are very selfish and greedy creature that will not share their kill or loot with anyone else, that's why they are not very successful hunter and the later generations of Arimaspi turned to shepharding and rearing sheeps.


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Artulataq: See also Bigfoot
The Eskimo name (meaning "creature who makes a bellowing cry") for the beast that allegedly inhabits the vast tundra around southwest Alaska.


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Asasabonsam
The Asasabonsam are vampyres of Ashanti peoples of Western Africa. Humanoid in appearance with iron teeth. It dwells in the forest, sitting in the trees, using it's hook-shaped feet to ensnare unwary passers-by.


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Asema
An vampiric old man or woman who took the form of a ball of light and traveled at night to drink the blood of people asleep in their houses. (South America)


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Ashrays
Ashrays are both male and female and appear to be about twenty years old in human time, when in fact they are quite ancient. They have whitish, almost translucent bodies, and are often mistaken for sea ghosts. They have been blamed for good deeds and bad, but not enough is known about them to judge their overall intent or temperament where people are concerned.


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Asiman
See Obayifo. (From Dahomeans)


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Asparas
Usually female, also known as sky dancers. They bless humans at important stages in their lives, and are often seen at weddings. They live in fig trees and sometimes appear to scholars or scientists, seduce and exhaust them, making sure they don't venture into areas that the spirit world deems unfit.


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Aspares                
The aspares are beautiful water nymphs from Hindu legend. They often transform into water foul. They are associated with warriors who have fallen during battle.


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Aspidochelone
Latin aspido testudo: the shield-turtle, the sea monster so vast that men take it for an island and disembark their boats upon its back, but when they kindle a fire it dives and they are drowned.


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Asrai
Are small and delicate female faeries who melt away into a pool of water when captured or exposed to sunlight.


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Asoon Puksa
This is a bird based creature which has the upper body of a giant and the lower (from torso down) body of a bird. Some say its lower body is that of a rooster. Believed to be carnivorous in nature due to its upper body characteristics of giant race. The creature is able to fly at great great speed and prey on large animals such as deer, horses, and even humans.


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Assassin Vine
An Assassin Vine is a semi-mobile plant that collects its own nutrients by capturing other creatures and depositing their remains near their roots. The main vine of a fully-grown plant is about 20ft in length and 5 inches in thickness, smaller vines shoot off from the main vine stem. The assassin vines fruit resembles that of wild grapes, but have tougher skins and are poisonous to human and larger mammals. The Assassin vine entangles its prey if they happen to wander into the plant. The Assassin vine automatically reacts to constrict around the ensnared animal. The vine will constrict its victim to death.


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Asura Waypuk
This creature shares very similar traits with Asoon Puksa (see this reference) as both are mixed creature between a bird and a giant. Asura Wayupuk has an eagle's features for its the lower part. In the story the beast is a son of a giant and a bird. The beast was also a governer of Wichian city, a giant city. Malicious in nature, one day the beast spotted and kidnapped prince Rama and his brother.


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Aswang
The story of the Aswang is one that parents in the Phillipines used to keep their children in line. The Aswang most often appeared as a beatiful maiden who lead a normal life during the day. However, the Aswang would engage in vampiric activities at night. The Aswang used an ointment that would bestow them with supernatural powers. When feeding, the Aswang would become a large bird, and land on a prospective victim's roof. It would then let down it's long pointy tongue, prick the victim's jugular vein, and suck the blood through it's hollowed tongue. After feeding, the Aswang would resemble a pregnant woman.


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Attorcroppe
The Attocroppe looks like a small serpent with arms and legs who walks upright. They are very malevolent.


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Atu: See also Orang Letjo


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Aughisky / Agh-iski
They are the Irish version of the Each Uisge.


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Auloniads
Nymph who could be found in the mountain pastures and vales, often in the company of Pan, the god of nature.


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Authorities: See also Rulers.


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Azeman                
The azeman are South American vampires. During the day she has the form of a human female, but at night she is transformed into a bat or other animal. there are protections against the azeman. Since she is obsessed with counting, if seeds are scattered on the floor, she will stop to count them. Also, if a broom is placed across the door, she will not enter the room, as she will count the bristles of the broom.


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Aziza                
While færies are usually associated with European cultures, the Aziza are a beneficent færie race from Africa, specifically Dahomey. Living in the forest, they provide good magic for hunters. They also give both practical and spiritual knowledge for people.


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Ba                
In ancient Egyptian belief at death a person was divided into two parts: the ka and the ba. The ka (meaning double) reflects the perishable human body. The ba, on the other hand, is a bird with a human head and represents the imperishable soul. Egyptians practiced mummification because of the belief that after 3000 years, the separate parts would be recombined leading to rebirth.

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Baginis                
Baginis are Australian and are half animal and half human. They are always female. Despite considerable beauty, they have claw-like fingers and toes. The baginis are known to capture men, but seldom kill them, usually letting them go after they rape them.


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Bahamut                
This monstrous fish comes from Moslem traditions. The legend goes that it floats in a vast sea. A giant bull rides on its back and on the bull is a ruby mountain. There is an angel on the mountain over which are six hells, then the Earth, and then seven heavens. The bahamut is so huge and dazzling that human beings cannot look upon it. Its name may have lead to the behemoth.


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Baitala
Half-man, half-bat creature roughly four feet tall.


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Bakru                
Bakru are a South American race of people, approximately half the size of human child, but with oversized heads. They are half flesh and half wood. They are always seen in pairs, and are considered evil creations of magicians. Although they may bring wealth to a human owner, the gods punish anyone who tries to make use of them.


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Baku                
Baku come form Japanese legends. It has the face of a lion, the body of a horse, the feet of a tiger, and the tail of a cow. It is called the 'eater of dreams', as it will devour a person's evil dreams either making them harmless or changing them into good luck.


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Ballybogs
Ballybogs are mud-covered creatures of very small size. Their bodies are almost completely round, with their heads rising from their bulbous bodies without benefit of necks. They have long spindly arms and legs which look too thin and weak to support the weight. These solitary faeries can be helpful or baneful, but are usually said to be so stupid that it is hard to determine their temperament. They speak no known language and grunt and slobber instead of speaking.


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Baloma
The spirit of a dead relative. They are often seen in dreams.


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Banshee                
The banshee in Irish Gælic, is called 'bean sidhe', which means 'supernatural woman'. She is envisioned with a sunken nose, scraggy hair and huge hollow eye sockets. Her eyes are fiery red from continuous weeping. She wears a tattered white sheet flapping around her. She wails outside the door of someone who is about to die, but only for old families. All the best clans have their own private banshee. They are very closely related to the bean-nighe and cointeach.


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Baobban Sith
The Baobban Sith are evil Scottish fairies, who appear as beautiful young women(sometimes ravens or crows, as well) and will dance with men they find (keeping their hooved feet hidden) until the men become exhausted, and then feed upon them.


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Barbary Lamb                
The barbary lamb, or barmotez, is sometimes known as the vegetable lamb or tartary. According to Hebrew legend, the barbary lamb is a lamb like creature that is half vegetable. It is attached to trees by a very short stem, half hidden within the foliage. One they have eaten all the vegetation within their reach, they die of starvation. Barbary lamb is considered a delicacy as its meat tastes like fish, and its blood like honey. Its bones can be used in rituals to give human beings the power of prophecy.


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Barbegazi                
These are shy gnomes who live in the mountains of France and Switzerland. They live in caverns and tunnels that they have excavated near the tops of mountains. The French words 'barbe glacée', which means 'frozen beard' gives them their name. They hibernate all summer and emerge only when the temperature is below zero. They have very large feet which they use as a combination of ski and snowshoe. They enjoy riding avalanches. They can also use their feet as shovels to tunnel into snow drifts. They are generally benevolent to humans, warning of avalanches and digging people out after avalanches.


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Barguest
A kind of Bogie.

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Bar Juchne                
In Hebrew the bar juchne is a bird of enormous size whose wingspan can eclipse the sun. The Talmud mentions an event when an egg fell from a bar juchne nest, shattering 300 trees and flooding 600 villages. This bird, primarily because of its size, has been compared to the roc.


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Barnacle Geese
Trees found in the north of Scotland and the Orchades (presumably the Orkney Islands) on which grow shells of a white color tending to russet, wherein are contained little living creatures; when these shells open and the creatures fall out, those falling over land come to nothing but those which come to water become fowls of the breed called barnacle geese; or in north England, brant geese; or in Lancashire, tree geese. Gerard wrote that he himself had seen a log of driftwood cast ashore on the island in Lancashire called the Pile of Foulders, and on this log were shells like mussel-shells but sharper and whitish, and living in the shells small mussels shaped like birds. As these grown they force the shell open and slowly hang out until the beak alone remains and there is a bird hanging out by its beak, which falls into the sea and there grows feathers and becomes a fowl larger than a mallard but smaller than a goose, with black legs and bill, and black and white feathers spotted like the English magpie; called a Pie-Annet Bird.


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Barometz
The vegetable lamb, which grows (attached by its long tail) head-downward from a tree.


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Bas
The Chewong people of Malaysia believed in the Bas. The food of the Bas was ruwai (translated as soul, vitality, or life). The Bas most often hunted pigs, but would occasionally attack humans, if hunger-driven enough, or by accident. The most common way to keep the Bas away was to build a fire, which it saw as a sign of civilization or humanity, and it would stay away.


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Basilisk                    
The basilisk has garnered a place in the imagination with other monstrous beings like the dragon, unicorn, giants and other well-known fabulous beats. The basilisk is almost always included in encyclopedias or concordances of monsters and mythical beasts, even though there is very little in the way of art and literature throughout the ages that features the basilisk. The dragon, though, for example, features into so many stories, both ancient and modern, and has been depicted countless times, but the same cannot be said of the basilisk. Yet somehow the creature has prevailed and lived on in the collective imagination as an image of monstrosity.There are two terms, both having their roots in Greek mythology, that apply to the basilisk. The evolution of the basilisk is protean, and the creature eventually becomes chimerical. It is fitting that these attributes of the basilisk come from the ancient Greek world as the etymology of the word 'basilisk,' and the origins of the creature are rooted in ancient Greece. The word 'basilisk' is from the Greek basiliskos meaning "little king". The etymology seems to directly relate back to the original description of the basilisk. However, the knowledge of the basilisk is not based on literature from the classical period in ancient Greece. Instead, the main description we have for this beast is found in Pliny's Natural History which was written in Rome in 77 AD. This piece is a compilation of ancient (and mostly Greek) sources. Pliny lists over 60 sources, most of which have been lost. Because the basilisk has a very limited number of appearances in classical literature, Pliny's paragraph about the creature in book XIII is very important in the lore of the basilisk. After discussing another mythical creature the catoblepas, and its ability to kill people with its vision, Pliny describes the basilisk: The basilisk serpent also has the same power. It is a native of the province of Cyrenaica, not more than 12 inches long, and adorned with a bright white marking on the head like a sort of diadem. It routs all snakes with its hiss, and does not move its body forward in manifold coils like the other snakes but advancing with its middle raised high. It kills bushes not only by its touch but also by its breath, scorches up grass and bursts rocks. Its effect on other animals is disastrous: it is believed that once one was killed with a spear by a man on horseback and the infection rising through the spear rising not only the rider but also the horse. Yet to a creature so marvelous as this - indeed kings have often wished to see a specimen when safely dead - the venom of weasels is fatal: so fixed is the decree of nature that nothing shall be without its match.


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Basilosaurus aka Zeuglodon
An extinct ancestor of the whale, thought by some to still exist, which accounts for some lake and sea monster legends.


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Bauchan also Bogan
A type of Hobgoblin. Like most faeries, they are fond of tricks, sometimes are dangerous, and sometimes are helpful.s horns, dangerous teeth and claws, and fiery eyes. It can take many forms, but usually is a shaggy black dog. Upon the death of a prominent figure, it rounds up all the dogs in the community and leads them on a procession through the streets, howling.


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Bayard                
Bayard is the name of a horse found in the legends of Charlemagne. This talking horse was given to the four sons of Aymon by Charlemagne. Although looking like a normal horse, Bayard had the ability to stretch its back to accommodate all four of the sons of Aymon. Bayard was also known for possessing great speed. To win the horse, it was necessary to conquer him by force or skill, this rendering him tame and docile.


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Bean-Fionn
Water Woman. In Germany she is called the Weisse Frau and she is somewhat more Benevolant than her Irish version. The Weisse Frau is very protective of children, and a kiss from her renders a child almost indestrucible. She has also been known to give directions to lost travelers. She will, however, drown those who displease her or hurt children. In England she is called Jenny Greentooth or the Greentoothed Woman, which has become a generic name for these types of drowning faeries in English-speaking counries.


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Bean Nighe / ben-neeya
Similar to that of the Banshee. The Washing women is the type of Banshee who haunts the lonely streams of Scotland and Ireland. Washing the bloodstained garments of those about to die. It is said that these spirits are the ghosts of women who died in childbirth and that they are fated to perform their task until the day when they would have normally died.


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Beansihe
Washer of the Shrouds, Washer at the Banks, Washer at the Ford. Banshee is the Anglicized spelling, the one commonly used in Canada and the United States. She is called Cointeach in Scotland, a word which literally mean "one who keens." The cornish call her Cyhiraeth. The Welsh know her as either Cyoerraeth or Gwrach y Rhibyn, meaning "Hag of the Dribble," and to the Welsh she can sometimes appear as a male. In Brittany they called her Eur-Cunnere Noe.


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Bean-Tighe
No one has ever fully described a Bean-Tighe (Ban-tee or Ban-Teeg), but they are generally thought to look like small elderly women in old-fashioned peasant clothing, with kindly, dimpled faces. They are very friendly to humans and wish to have a friendly human house to watch over.


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Bear-Men:See also Gin-Sung


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Beast of Bodin Moor, The
Also known as Beast of Exmoor. A large black panther-like creature reportedly responsible for the killing of many farm animals in South Molton, Devonshire, England.


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Beast of Bosco
Giant Turtles are common creatures to find in zoos, Galapagos and other such places. However, one would not expect to find one in Churubusco, Indiana. Bosco, sometimes referred to as Oscar, has been spotted several times since 1950. Witnesses have described Bosco as weighing between 100 to 500 pounds and supporting a shell that is 4 foot across. In 1950 two men drained 4 different swamps in order to create more farmland. A culvert was created to allow the swamp water to drain into the Little Calumet River. Another giant turtle was found in 1937 at the Neosho River in Kansas and it weighed a whopping 403 pounds. While it seems unlikely that a creature that large could live so close to humans; remember, his natural habitat was destroyed and like most creatures he adapted to his new environment enabling him to survive.


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Beast of Gévaudan, The
Creature depicted as a gigantic wolf-like quadruped (witnesses reported it as big as a donkey or cow) that over two hundred years ago terrorized people in southeastern France by killing men, woman and children. Many explanations — mutant, prehistoric beast, demon, very large baboon, etc. — were put forward at the time and during the two centuries since, but none has ever been generally accepted. One thing is certain: sufficient evidence remains to prove that 'La Bête' — French for 'The Beast', as the creature became known — really did exist and was not just a myth. This monstrous animal terrorized the people of Gévaudan — a district in Lozère — for more then three years, and it is said it killed about one hundred human beings (and wounded over thirty), without mentioning a large number of cattle and other domestic animals.


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Behemoth                
Behold now behemoth, which I am made with thee; he eateth grass as an ox. Lo now, his strength is in the loins, and his force is in the navel of his belly. He moveth his tail like a cedar; this sinews of his stones are wrapped together. His bones are as strong pieces of brass; his bones are like bars of iron. From these verses, and the verses following (19-24) most scholars believe that the creature being described is a hippopotamus.  Others though, have claimed that the beast is not a hippopotamus, but rather, an elephant. In apocryphal literature and Jewish legend, the behemoth is a monster of formidable strength. Traditionally, the word behemoth can be given to any large, heavy, and otherwise unknown animal. The word behemoth comes from the plural of the Hebrew b'hemah, meaning 'beast'.


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Bekk-Bok: See also Almas


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Belit-Sheri
Babylonian scribe of the underworld who kept the records of human activities so she could advise the queen of the dead on their final judgment.

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Bendith y Mamau / ben-dith uh
Mother's Blessing, which was the name of the fairies of the Carmarthenshire country in Wales; this saying became a prayer spoken to ward off harm.


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Benu                
The Benu bird is another bird that can be linked to the phoenix. This Egyptian sun bird is identified with Ra the sun god. The word Benu in Egyptian means both purple heron and palm tree. Just like the phoenix, this bird was identified with the temple to the sun gods at Heliopolis. Many think that the myths surrounding the phoenix were a misunderstanding of the Egyptian myths of the Benu. This bird was also known to be a symbol of Osiris incarnate, renewing itself. The similarities with the phoenix are numerous.


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Betail: See Vetala.


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Bhootums
Sexual spirits or incubi who copulate with Hindu women.


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Bhuta
The Bhuta are Indian monsters, who are said to reside in and around cremation grounds, old ruins, and other abandoned locations, especially in deserts. They could transform into either owls or bats. They ate filthy food, and were always thirsty. They liked milk, and often attacked babies who had just fed. They were also said to have the ability to possess people. These creatures might act in a vampiric fashion at times, but were generally just seen as malevolent, not as vampires.


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Biabin-Guli: See also Almas


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Biasd Bheulach (Isle of Skye, Odail Pass)
A revening ghost of a murdered man, hungry for revenge which haunts the highlands; it appears at night as a greyhound or other beast, or occasionally takes the form of a man with one leg. It is only appeased by the taking of blood via vicious bites.


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Bicorne                
This creature, which is sometimes depicted as a both panther-like and cow-like, but in both cases is shown as being fat from overeating. The bicorne eats carefully selected virtuous husbands. The bicorne's counter part is the chichevache.


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Bielebog
Also known as Bylebog, the Slavic god of happiness, order, and luck. He is the opposite of Czernobog. "Bielebog" translates literally from Russian as "white god".


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Bigfoot
Bigfoot, or as it's often called in Canada, the Sasquatch, is mentioned in several native American legends. In fact, the term "Sasquatch" is Indian for "hairy giant." The first sighting of a Sasquatch by a white man apparently came in 1811 near what now is the town of Jasper, Alberta Canada. A trader named David Thompson found some strange footprints, fourteen inches long and eight inches wide, with four toes, in the snow.


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Bishop Fish                
In many ways, bishop fish are like mermaids. These creatures have the shaven head of a Catholic monk and the body of a fish. They have been described as having a mitered head, a scaly body with two claw-like fins instead of arms, and a fin-like cloak.


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Black Angus
Black Angus is a large black dog with yellow eyes and sharp fangs who roams the northern English and Scottish countryside showing himself to those who will die within a fortnight. Scottish Lowlanders claim he has horns on his head, which may have derived from some confusion with the Christian Devil.


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Black Annis: See Hags.


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Black Dogs                
In Arthur Conan Doyle's The Hounds of the Baskervilles, he describes a black dog, just like the ones that appear in British legends. "...there stood a foul thing, a great black beast, shaped like a hound, yet larger than any hound that ever mortal eye has rested upon." It is said, in legend, that if one spied, or spoke to one of these large dogs (the size of a calf or larger) he was bound to die. They are also known to have eyes that shine in the dark. In Scotland, tales of the cu sith, or færie hound was also known to foretell death or illness.


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Black Orcs
Black Orcs are biggest and strongest of the green skins their skin is much darker than that of Orcs, Goblins and Hobgoblins. Black Orcs tend to be better armed than other Orcs so they where heavy armour and carry around larger weapons. Black Orcs are more intelligent as well are often seen to be leading the Orc tribes. Black Orcs tend to be much better organised and infighting within a tribe does not succumb to petty squabbles. Other Orcs tend not to squabble when black Orcs are around either because they don't want to be picked on by their bigger cousins.


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Blemmyae
These monstrous creatures were collectively known as Blemmyae. The Blemmye was presumed to be frightening because his facial feature is found on his chest and is a scary sight when a Blemmye is encountered at night; for it is easily mistaken for a headless figure or ghost. Long before Washington Irving introduced his story of a headless Hessian Trooper that was unable to rest in his grave in the 'Legend of Sleepy Hollow', records and even depiction of a headless race has already existed. Even during the reign of the Pharaohs, it is said that their god Seth is also identified with a sort of headless demon whose eyes are placed in the shoulders, the Akephalos. They are a more cultured race as compared to the Sciapodae or Cynocephali as they have been known to cultivate crops and plant fruit trees. Though they will take up arms and go to war if there were any aggressors imposing on them; but generally they are good farmers and hunters. Medieval maps like the Hereford Mappamundi also depict and even identify the location of these Monstrous race that dwells along the extreme edges of the world. Strangely, the Blemmyae seems to have survived through to modern times but its just that it had probably evolved or mutated into a more alien-like headless entity with a hairy body and a pair of winged appendages that was widely publicised in the media when it was seen in West of Virginia. This headless winged humanoid came to be known as the Mothman. It is also spell as Blemye(singular) or Blemyae. In this picture, rather than giving the Blemye a normal set of human feet, I've decided to use a more personal approach by giving it a hooved feet.


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Bluatsauger
This is the German word for "Bloodsucker". This vampire was created by bizarre death and birth occurances. If a person's name was not removed from their burial clothing, they would become a vampire. When a group of people suddenly died from a similar disease, the first to die was deemed a vampire and was dispatched with. To dispatch this vampire a clump of earth was placed underneath its chin. Other times a stone or coin was placed in the corpses mouth. Another method was a white hankerchief tied around the neck of the corpse. A more brutal method was to cut off the head, drive a spike through the mouth, and a steak through the stomach.


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Blue Hag, The: See Cailleac Bhuer


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Blue Men of the Minch
They dwell in the strait between Long Island and the Shiant Islands. They are responsible for sudden thunderstorms and shipwrecks, but their ship sinking attempts may be thwarted if you are an adept rhymer. Some think they may be fallen angels.


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Blunderbore                
Blunderbore is the legendary giant from the tale of Jack the giant killer.


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Bocan
No description has ever been given of a Bocan; their sole purpose was to attack and mutilate travelers.


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Bodach also Bugbear  or Bug-A-Boo
They slide down chimneys to kidnap naughty children.


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Bogeyman
An imaginary monster used to frighten children


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Boggart
Brownies that have turned evil.


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Bogie
This is the generic name for some different types of Goblins. Their temperaments range the spectrum from benign to malevolent.


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Bogles
Generally evil natured Goblins although they are more disposed to do harm to liars and murderers.


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Bokwus
A fearsome spirit in the great northwestern American spruce forests. He is only seen in glimpses, but has been seen wearing totemic face paints. Hunters are very aware of his presence. He likes to push fishermen off the banks to drown, taking the victim's soul to his home in the forest.


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Bononacon aka the Bonacon or the Bonasus
A mythical animal from Asia. It has curled horns and emits burning dung. The legend may be based on a type of bison in reality.


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Boobrie
A fabulous water-bird of Scottish Highland folk belief. The creature haunts lakes and salt wells.


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Bottle Imp                
The most well-known bottle imp, is the one found in the tales of Aladdin. The bottle imp is a spirit that is contained within a lamp. Some are genies rather than spirits, but all have the ability to grant the wishes of the owner of the lamp, using magical powers when the imp has been temporarily released. If the owner purposefully attempts to lose the lamp (as it has sometimes been said that the owner of a bottle imp could be condemned to hell) the lamp will return itself. The only way to get rid of the lamp is to sell it for less than the owner paid for it.


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Brag                
A brag is a goblin from England. It is a shape-shifter, but usually takes on the appearance of a horse. It then lures men to mount it. Once mounted, the brag will take the rider for a terrible ride, finally leaving him in a pond.


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Brahmaparusha
These vampire-like creatures had head encircled with intestines, and a skull filled with blood from which it drank. This legend comes from India.


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Brain Sucker: See also Mamlambo


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Brenin Llwyd
(Welsh for "Grey King") is a being believed by some to inhabit the mountains of Snowdonia in Wales. Reports of its appearance vary. It is sometimes described merely as a "presence", but it has also been reported to be large, hairy, man-like creature, possibly related to the American bigfoot or the Himalayan yeti. In this regard, it is similar to the Big Grey Man of Scotland, which is considered by some to be a flesh and blood creature, and by others to be an incorporeal spirit.


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Briaou: See also Almas


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Brosno Monster
Lake Brosno is situated in the European part of Russia, in the Tver region, near the town of Andreapol. There have been many reports of a 'lake serpent' or 'Dragon' living in the lake. Many people think this creature is similar to Nessie. The Brosno 'dragon' was called Brosnya. It is a deep lake with a maximum depth, as discovered by sonar, of 43 meters.


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Brown Man of the Muirs
Protector of wild beasts.


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Brownie
His territory extends over the Lowlands of Scotland and up into the Highlands and Islands all over the north and east of England and into the Midlands. With a natural linguistic variation, he becomes the BWCA of Wales, the Highland Bodach and the Manx Fenodoree. In the West Country, Pixies or Pisgies occasionally perform the offices of a brownie and show some of the same characteristics, though they are essentially different. Border brownies are most characteristic. They are small men, about three feet in height, very raggedly dressed in brown clothes, with brown faces and shaggy heads, who come out at night to do the work that has been left undone by the servants. They make themselves responsible for the farm or house in which they live: reap, mow, her the sheep, prevent the hens from laying away, run errands, and give good counsel at need. A brownie can become personally attached to one member of the family.


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Bruja
Usually seen as a woman, this living person transformed into various animals and attacked infants. (Spain) See also Bruxas.


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Bruxsas
Portuguese succubi who seduce wanderers and also copulate with other demons. They are vampires as well as succubi and may appear only at night.


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Buachailleen
Small faeries that resemble tiny, young men. They wear pointed red hats and can shapeshift; found in Ireland and Scotland.


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Bucca                
The bucca is a hobgoblin from the legends of Cornwall. They are commonly thought to live in tin mines, and in this way are very similar to the kobold of German tales. The bucca are often associated with sailors and stories say they travel on sea breezes. They are considered useful to sailors as they are known for their ability to foretell shipwrecks, but they need to be "paid" with offerings of part of the fisherman's catch or a few bread crumbs.


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Bugbear                
The bugbear is one of the English hobgoblins. Having the appearance of a bear (hence its name), it was considered quite fierce and it was common to use the fear of it to coerce children into good behavior.


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Buggane                
The buggane is a goblin from the Isle of Man. A shape-shifter, it is often seen in the form of a horse or a calf, although sometimes it appears semi-human, with long hair, teeth and nails. It is a water-spirit and almost always lives near a waterfall.


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Buggars
Buggars are so adept at shapeshifting that it is hard to describe their appearance. They are considered very dangerous to humans, but fortunately for us they never leave the astral world.

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Bugul-Noz
He's a forest dweller, a shepherd. He's very unattractive and he knows it, but he yearned for human companionship.

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Buntu Rajasri or Buntu Sura Mareu Kin
One of the four pure lions with uniform yellowish hair covering entire body. Buntu Rajasris are large carnivores that favor large animals like deer, buffalo, elephant, and sometimes even human. In the old story book which tells about the Himapan forest describes a Buntu Rajasri as a large lion with a body as large as a cattle with fallen leaf like yellow color.


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Bunyip                
This is a fierce creature from Australia. Amphibious by nature, it has the appearance of a giant seal or even a hippopotamus, It is greatly feared, for it enjoys the taste of human flesh, particularly the more tender flesh of women and children.


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Burak                
This steed which was given to Mohammed, was a compound creature. Having the face and voice of a man, the ears of an ass, the body of a horse and the wings and tail of a peacock. Its eyes are as blue as sapphires and are as bright as the stars. In size it is larger than an ass, but smaller than a mule. It is one of few animals to be admitted into paradise, as it carried Mohammed to visit the heavens each night.


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Bushman: See also Arulataq


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Butter Cow
Statue made entirely of butter and exhibited each year at the Iowa State Fair.


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Buttery Sprites
Buttery Sprites live in the old abbeys and inns of England, where they wreak havoc on those whom they believe cheat others or live the lives of hypocrites. They especially like to torment unscrupulous priests and abbots. In abbeys they feel free to take any food not marked with a cross- especially fresh churned butter.


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Bwaganod
Goblins who can shapeshift into other animal forms, including humanoid shapes. They do not like humans.


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Bwca, Bwbachod, or Bwbach
The Welsh name for the Brownie. They have slightly nastier tempers and are prone to tantrums if their work is criticized. They also despise tattle tales and people with long noses.               

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Bwciod
The Bwciod (Bu-key'd) is more of a nuisance than a danger, but he can turn nasty if thwarted. He is solitary and moves so fast that he can barely be seen by human eyes. The few accounts of him say he is slender, stands no more than a foot tall, has a long pointy nose, long fingers, and huge flat feet. His eyes are purple and reflect no emotions.


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Caballi
Lustful spirits, still possessed of their earthly passions, who instinctively seek out living persons of similar inclination for the purpose of gratifying their desires. Spiritualists believe that they are especially attracted to lustful and salacious mediums, whose powers permit the Caballi to materialize and so experience more intense pleasures than are possible to them otherwise. However, their sexual practices also take place on the astral planes, where they copulate with a variety of astral beings and with humans visiting the planes in their astral bodies.


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Cadborosaurus willsi 'Caddy'
An alleged "sea monster" living along the Pacific Coast of North America. It is named after Cadboro Bay.


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Cailleac Bheur
The Cailleac Bhuer (Call-y'ac v'fhoor) is one of a kind. She is an old woman who walks by night carrying her walking stick, her carrion crow on her left shoulder. However, her reputation as dangers and ill-tempered may be a mistaken one. It is possible that this fear of her was created by the early Scottish churchmen seeking to eradicate the vestiges of the Old Religion by demonizing its Crone mythology.


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Caladrius
A bird which can tell if a sick man will die, and can cure disease


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Callicantzaros
These are Greek children born in the week between Christmas and New Years (believed to be unlucky). They were believed to be destined to become vampires after their deaths. They were only active during Christmas Day and the twelve days afterward. They would tear apart victims using their long fingernails. The Callicantaros are not necessarily vampires, in the usual sense of the word.


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Calygreyhound                
This creature from medieval heraldry has the body of an antelope, the claws of an eagle of its forelegs and the hooves of an ox on its hind legs. It symbolizes swiftness.


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Camazotz
A full
fledged god, this deity was central in agriculture, but was feared for his blood
drinking tendencies, fearsome appearance (which included large teeth and claws), and his tendency to dwell in caves where he would attack people for their blood. (Mayan, Mexico)


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Cambions
Offspring of incubi and succubi.


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Cameleopard                
In Egyptian and Sumerian documentation and in records of medieval heraldry the cameleopard is the offspring of a camel and a leopard. The creature is about the size of a camel, but has the skin of a leopard. There is also documentation of a cameleopard that has two large curving horns.


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Cannered-Noz
Breton version of the Bean-Sidhe.


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Caoineag
(Scottish Highlands, 'Weeper') a type of Banshee which is not seen, and cannot grant wishes. She is heard wailing in the darkness at a waterfall before any catastrophe overtakes a clan.


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Caointeach
(Argyllshire, Skye, 'Wailer') A type of Banshee with a loud, lamentable cry, rising at times to a scream. Sometimes she beats clothes on a stone like a Bean-Nighe. She has been described as a child or small woman in a short green gown and petticoat with a high crowned white cap. If someone shows compassion for her, by leaving her a gift, she will trouble the family no more.


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Catoblepas                
In Greek, catoblepas means "that which looks downward". As its head is so heavy, this ironclad bull constantly looks downward. If it was not for this, the creature would have destroyed all life as its eyes cast immediate death, and its breath will do the same, much like the basilisk. This African creature is said to eat poisonous shrubs and bushes, and is quite sluggish. Some have compared it to the gnu, another African creature, as the gnu often holds its head near to the ground. In the middle ages, the catoblepas was sometimes called a gorgon, because of its ability to kill with sight


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Ceasg                
A Scottish mermaid, the ceasg are half-human, and half salmon. They are know to marry humans and the offspring of this combination are great sailors. If captured, a ceasg will grant three wishes. The ceasg is also known to use her beauty to lure sailors to her, and they never return.


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Cecrops                
This legendary first king of Athens, was known to have the body of a human, and the tail of a serpent. The myths revolving around Cecrops can be found in Book 5 of Virgil's Aeneid, book 11 of Homer's Odyssey, book 2 of Pausanias' Description of Greece, and in Hesiod's Theogony.


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Centaur                 
The most famous centaurs are those from Greek mythology. In these myths, the centaurs were a race of creatures that were half man and half horse. They were sired by Ixion and a cloud. By definition, the centaur is a creature, half man and half horse. However, there are many variations of the centaur. Some had a human body terminating in human legs and feet with equine body and hind legs extended behind the waist. Another variation gave the centaur wings. Some times they have equine ears and sometimes they have both equine and human genitalia. Other variations include the onocentaur, bucentaur, and leontocentaurs.


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Cerberus                
The three headed dog from Greek mythology, was the offspring of Echinda and Typhon. It is the brother of Orthus. Cerberus acts as the guard of Hades. It is said to have a serpent for a tail. Some say that the Cerberus, instead of having three heads has fifty. It was one of Heracles' tasks to take the Cerberus out of Hades, which he succeeded in doing. The only other person to foil the Cerberus was Orpheus, who charmed the beast to sleep using his lyre.


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Cerastes
A serpent with four pairs of little horns, which show when the rest of its body is buried in the sand; thus it uses them for bait to draw prey to itself. It is more flexible than other serpents, and seems to have no spine.


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Cetus                
In Greek mythology the sea-monster Cetus was created by the gods. In the myths, Cassiopea thought that she and her daughter Andromdea were more beautiful than the gods. In revenge, Poseidon demanded that Andromeda was to be chained to a rock where Cetus, creature with the body of a dolphin, a forked tail and the head of a greyhound was to eat her. However, Perseus saw the girl, immediately fell in love with her and defended her from the monster, eventually killing it and turing it to stone with the gorgon Medusa's head.


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Champ
Loch Ness-like creature that supposedly resides at Lake Champlain in the Great Lakes area.


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Changeling                
Changelings are the færie children that are left in the place of a stolen human baby. These babies are often deformed. A færie will raise the human child, though the child may be returned if the changeling can be made to laugh or if it is treated so badly that the færie parents are inclined to take it back. Although we associate tales of changelings with Celtic myth, tales of changelings are found in both Chinese and Native North American legend. Some have even associated the modern myth of alien abduction with changelings.


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Chedipe
(Literarlly "prostitute") This vampiric woman was depicted riding a tiger naked, and at night she would entrance a household into a deep sleep, enter, then suck the blood from the man through his big toe. (India)


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Chemosit, Chimiset, Chimisit (these, like Chemosit, mean 'devil'
It is considered by some to be Africa's Bigfoot, although its description varies from those of sasquatch-like creatures. Reports of the creature are numerous in the dark continent, specially in east-central Kenya. It is described as being as large as a man, long reddish to yellow hair, short broad tail, sometimes going on four legs, sometimes on two, and a general appearance of a huge, very fierce baboon. It is said to be as comfortable on the tree tops as it is on the ground, and to attack humans on sight, allegedly being responsible for several killings of men and live stock. According to some tales, it is specially fond of brains. Other names by which the creature is known, depending on the part of Africa.


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Chepi
Spirit informants. They are spirits of the dead who provide information and wisdom to medicine people during trances.


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Cherub or Cherubim
The highest class of angels, having indescribable beauty and power. Cherubim were placed at the east of the Garden of Eden to guard the way to the tree of life after man was expelled (Genesis 3:24). The cherubim are never termed angels, probably because they are not specifically messengers. Their chief purpose is to proclaim and protect God's glory, sovereignty, and holiness. Satan was apparently part of the cherubim class, making his rebellion and fall all the more significant.


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Chiang Shih
The vampire-like creatures of China were called Chiang Shih. They were created when a cat jumped over a dead person's corpse. They would kill with a poisonous breath in addition to draining blood. If a Chiang Shih encountered a pile of rice, it must count the grains before it could pass on. Their immaterial form is a sphere of light, much like Will-O-the-Wisps.


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Chichevache                
A very thin cow with a human face, this creature fed on obedient and faithful wives. This counterpart of the bicorne was perpetually hungry as there were very few of these virtuous women.


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Chimera
The chimera of Greek myth is the offspring of Echinda and Typhon. From the Greek meaning "she-goat" the Chimera is a fire breathing creature that has the body of a goat, the head of a lion and the tail of a serpent. Some have said that the Chimera has three heads, but the popular myth tells of the single, fire-vomiting head. The Chimera was slain by Belleraphone while he was on the winged horse Pegasus. Some say that the Chimera is the offspring of the Hydra, and others cite the chimera as the mother of the Sphinx and the Nemean Lion by Orthus.


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Chin-Chin Kobakama
Elven-like in appearance, the Chin-Chin Kobakama is either male or female, and appears to be elderly but amazingly spry. They are generally friendly towards humans, but can be a nuisance.


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Chinese Fox
Looking like a typical fox, the Chinese fox has a life span that is between 800 and 1000 years. Each part of this fox's anatomy has special powers. Its tail when struck on the ground can start fires, it can see into the future and it can change its shape. Often appearing as an old man, young girl or a scholar. The Chinese fox is a trickster and so its appearance can be a bad omen. These foxes often are found around graveyards and it is said that the souls of the dead can transmigrate with the body of this fox.


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Chinese Ghilen
The creature is said to have the head of a dragon with a single antler, the body of a deer covered with scales, a tail of an ox, and horse-like hooves. The creature was a result of combination of 5 primary elements; earth, water, fire, wood, and metal. Some say a Ghilen can live up to several thousand years.

Civateto
Vampire witch (Mexico)


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Chi Spirits
No one has ever seen a Chi Spirit, as they are pure energy and have no physical confines.


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Chontamenti
The Egyptian god of the dead and of the land of the west. He was portrayed as a dog, or as dog's head, with horns.


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Chordewa
A woman from the Oraons, a hill tribe of Bengal, capable of turning her soul into a type of black vampire cat. In that form, she finds her way into the home of the sick and dying


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Chthonic Gods (see also psychopomps)
Chthonic divinities are associated with the earth and/or underworld. Usually they are fertility gods and/or rulers of the dead, and the opposites of the sky gods. Due to their rather demonic appearance, their cults are usually surrounded with much mystery. Some chthonic gods are for instance the Egyptian Anubis, the Greek Hades, the Roman Mars, the Etruscan Voltumna, and the Hindu Yakshas.


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Chuchunaa
Siberia's Bigfoot. The Chuchunaa (outcasts or fugitives) were reported by a branch of the Soviet Academy of Science as recently as the 1950s in the bitterly cold and forbidding region of northeast Siberia, who speculated that they might represented the last surviving remnants of paleo-asiatic aborigines that retreated to the upper reaches of the Yana and Indigirka rivers.


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Chuiaels (or Cijurreyls)
Hindu succubi who perform fellatio until the very life is sucked out of the enraptured victim. The Churreyl is said to be the spirit of a woman who has died in childbirth (women dying in that circumstance becoming demons and vampires according to the lore of many times and places).


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Churel
Also called churail, this vicious and vengeful ghostlike female vampire found in India is normally the result of a woman who died while pregnant during the 'Devali Festival' or unclean at any time.


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Churn Milk Peg and Melch Dick
These are small dwarf faeries - Peg is a woman and Dick is a man. They wear the peasant clothing of fifteenth century England and their nature is very capricious.


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Chuti: See also Yeti


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Cihuateteo or Civatateo
Aztec women who died in childbirth, as well as their babies. They wandered the night and attacked children, leaving them paralyzed or diseased. Described physically as having white faces, and very chalky arms and hands. They wore the garb of Tlazolteotl, goddess of sorcery, lust, and evil.


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Cinnamolgus
An Arabian bird, so called because it makes its nest from the fruit of the cinnamon tree. Because merchants esteem this cinnamon more than any other kind, men gather these nests by shooting arrows weighed with lead to bring them down; for they cannot reach the nests because of the height and fragility of the branches.


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Cizin
A Mayan (Yacatec) god of death. He burns the souls of the dead in the Yucatec underworld Metnal.


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Clap-Cans
This is a Lancashire bogie that tends to be on the more harmless side of its class. Clap-cans are called so because the spirits takes two objects like pots or cans, and bangs them together. Clap-cans cannot be felt or seen, only heard.


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Cluricaun
After his day's labors the Leprechaun enjoys a night's revelry and then becomes known as the Cluricaun (kloor-a-kawn). He raids wine cellars and is known to take wild drunken rides through the moonlight on the backs of sheep or shepherds dogs.


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Clutchbone, The
Described as being black in color, between 190 and 230 cm tall and with leathery skin, the Clutchbone is said to have a head consisting of a lit torch positioned within a large, raised collar of material resembling rawhide. Violent events featuring the Clutchbone often followed previous sightings of lightening balls created by severe weather conditions leading some to assume that such a creature might arrive into this dimension or world by way of these natural phenomena.


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Coblynau
Welsh Mine Goblin. Cousins to the Cornish Knockers. These creatures using mining tools, are seen working industriously at the seam faces. The knocking of their picks and hammers is lucky, a sign of heavy ore content.


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Coche-Mares
Sexual beings apparently related to both incubi and succubi and to nightmare demons. Coche-Mares were sent by witches to persons whom the witches hoped thus (by sexual pleasure) to enslave or make dependent on them. They appeared only at night, usually while the recipient of their embraces was sleeping.


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Cockatrice: see Basilisk


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Cocoto
West Indian deities or demons who have carnal intercourse with human females.


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Compusae
Succubus demons.


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Con Rit
Long sea serpent is sighted mostly in southeast Asia, especially near the coast of Vietnam. The con rit is very odd. It resembles a gigantic millipede, with jointed, armored segments. The con rit's body is about 50 feet long and a few feet wide. The topside is brown, the underbelly yellow. In Vietnamese folklore, it is a revered water dragon.


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Coot
An intelligent bird that stays in one place.


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Corpse Candles
These are will-'o-the-wisps seen in the countries of Cardigan, Caermarthen and Pembroke and in other parts of Wales. One little light seen betokens a stillbirth or an infant's death; a larger light means the death of an adult; two or more of different sizes mean many deaths, of perople of various ages together. In Cambria, in the archdiocese of St. David's, corpse candles are called canwyll corpt and are believed to be a light which issues from a dying victim's house (sometimes from his very bed!) and travels to the church where he will soon be buried.


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Corrigan
Malignant nature spirits found in Brittany, often associated with phantoms of the dead.


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Corybantes
Asiatic spirits noted for their orgiastic rites and wild dances.


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Crick
Snake like beasts they have a snake like body. Their head is nothing like a snakes it is made up of a sharp bird like beak which is surrounded by four tentacles, which have suckers on. Cricks are stealthy underground predators, they can grow up to about 3 foot in length which tentacles up to about 2 foot in size. Cricks are an ambush predator they wait for there prey to come to them, they then lash out with their tentacles and ensnare there prey before constricting its victim to death, then eat its prey at leisure.


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Crinaeae
Nymph associated with fountains.


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Crnobog or Czernobog
The black god of the dead in Slavic mythology. The opposite of Bylebog.


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Crocotta
Documented by Pliny, this offspring of a wolf and dog can be found in Ethiopia. It is said that this creature can break anything with its teeth and can also eat anything. It may be just an exaggeration of a hyena which has very powerful jaws.


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Cucui
Appearance and temperament: Cucui (Coo-coo-ee) has almost become a generic term for "monster" among Mexicans and American Hispanics. If the Cucui had a characteristic look, it has long been lost to us. He is not friendly, nor is he considered safe to be around.


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Curinqueans: See also Maricoxi


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Curumin
Childling Curupira which spend most of his time playing chase and hide and seek with the forest animals.


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Curupira
South American mystical creature and/or nature spirit, described as a wild boy with pointed ears, green teeth, fiery eyes and hair, his feet pointing backwards, which supposedly help the wild animals and is a defender of nature and ecology. According to legend, Curupira is unpredictable and can occasionally seem wicked. His dedication to nature and knowledge of mankind wickedness and weaknesses can often make him seem cruel. His most interesting features are his feet. They are backwards, so an enemy who is tracking him will go the wrong way, and an enemy who is fleeing will run right to him. Sometimes the Curupira appears riding a wild animal, usually a wild pig.


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Cururipur
A powerful South American spirit who owned the jungle and tortures tortoise hunters since the tortoises are his friends.


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Cu Sith: See Black Angus.


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Cwn Annwn (The White Hounds) aka Cwyn Mamau (Hound of the Mothers), Yell Hounds, Gabriel Hounds, or Ratchets
In Brythonic mythology, the hounds of Annwn. A pack of snow-white, red-eared spectral hounds which sometimes took part in the kidnappings and raids the inhabitants of the underworld sometimes make on this world (the Wild Hunt). They are associated in Wales with the sounds of migrating wild geese, and are said to be leading the souls of the damned to hell. The phantom chase is usually heard or seen in midwinter and is accompanied by a howling wind. Another name is Cwn Mamau ("hounds of the mothers"). In England, they are often called the Gabriel Hounds or Ratchets, and sometimes the Yell Hounds. They are accompanied by the hunter Gwyn, or Bran, or Arthur, but sometimes by Gabriel or Herne the Hunter.


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Cyclops
From Greek mythology, the cyclops were originally storm-gods, famous for having but one eye in the middle of their foreheads. They were titans or giants, and were put in and out of Tartarus on many occasions. Eventually they became great smiths, occasionally help Hephaestus with some of his work. It is said that the cyclops were the ones who fashioned Zeus' lightning bolt. Originally, it was said that there were only three of them, sons of Ouranos: Brontes (Thunder), Sterops (lightning), and Arges (thunderbolt). Later, they were called the sons of Poseidon. The cyclops were eventually made into a race of one-eyed beings. Cannibalistic and brutish, cyclops were feared and shunned.


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Cynocephali
They were a race of dog-headed creatures that are extremely smart and brutal and their anthropophagous tendency makes them a menace to man-kind. Even the Venetian traveler Marco Polo writes that these dog-headed tribes were found on the island of Andaman, about a thousand miles East of Ceylon which was then known as Taprobana in medieval maps. It is said that Christianity and their teachings had pacify these brutal beasts and allowed them to control their savagery and even though in very rare case allowed inter-marriage between humans and the Cynocephali. The off springs that resulted in this union were very much human except for the fact that they were also bestial from within and when they are unable to oppressed this bestial nature or have forsaken their believes in Christianity and get tempted by the demon within; the animal hidden inside them burst forth transforming them into a monster. Legend has it that Saint Christopher, the patron saint of the travelers and sea-farers was also Cynocephali-convert. Born a pagan dog-head known as Reprobus; he opposed savagery and hated the brutality committed by his race. He was overjoyed when an accidental acquaintance with a priest introduced him to Christianity. He then forsook his bestial nature by focusing and concentrating on these teachings and eventually he was able to pacify his Cynocephali nature.


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Cyroeraeth                
A variation of the Banshee legends, this Welsh creature was said to give warning of impending death. Heard only at crossroads or near a river, the cry of the Cyroeraeth was accompanied by splashing water. Although it was very rarely seen, the Cyroeraeth has been described as a woman with tangled hair and long withered arms. Its face was described as withered and ghastly, and it had long black teeth.


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Cyrptid
Any unknown living animal, including any species of the sea, fresh water habitats, land or air that are not currently recognized in the international zoological catalogues. This category may also include species from the fossil records such as dinosaurs, reptiles, fish, mammals, and even birds that were thought long extinct, but which may in fact still survive in remote geographical locations around the world; and last, but not the least, unidentified primates and unknown species of human beings that have successfully hidden themselves away in remote wild places around the world.


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Dagon                
The ancient Philistines and later the Phoenicians considered this half-man half-fish to be their main deity. In the Bible it tells that on conquering the Israelites, the Philistines stole the Ark of the Covenant and placed it before the statue of Dagon. Yahweh in the Ark wrestled with Dagon and broke the statue. This shape-shifting marine Deity may once have been the Sumerian Oannes who emerged from the ocean to educate mankind.


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Dakhanavar
A vampire that lived in the wild and attacked travelers at night by sucking blood from their feet. Two men outwitted it by sleeping so that their heads rested on the other's feet. The vampire was frustrated by the thing with two heads and no feet, and ran away and was never seen again. (Armenia)


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Damphir
A mortal male child with special powers born of the unholy union between a male vampire and a female gypsy (they were very rare as most were stillborn). Dhampir's could spot a vampire on sight and made very powerful vampire hunters.


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Daoine Maithe
"The Good People"; Similar to the Gentry, they were said to be next to heaven at the Fall, but did not fall; Some think they are a people expecting salvation.


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Daoune Sidhe
Look human and it is hard to know they are faeries. They are skilled chess players; many mortals have lost everything to them in chess challenges. They are also known as womanizers and as experts at the sport of hurling.


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Dark Elves
The Dark elves or Drows are the same as there high elf cousins a tall noble looking race with pale skin and are slender but unlike High Elves which are masters of light magic's, dark elves practice dark sorcery, and have become very adept at it. Dark Elves live in great cities made of dark stone. Dark Elves are constantly at war with their High Elf kin. They use masterly crafted weapons but they carry repeating crossbows, which seem to be unique to them. Dark Elf females that follow the path of sorcery are called Witch Elves and are a warrior sisterhood. Dark Elves always seem to where dark colours such as blacks, deep purples and dark blues.


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Darkhorses
These animals were once perfectly normal horses, but through dark and little known magics, mages of the northland have created something altogether different... altogether more dangerous. The magic summon some form of otherworldly force into the host of the horse, giving life to the nameless force placed within them. The magic changes them to a charcoal black, making their eyes a livid red. Only the mage who enchanted them seems to be able to command them, any else who attempt to do so are at risk of their lives. Encounters with these beasts are rare, so it is unknown if the dark spirits within them can be exorcized, or even if the monsters can be slain.


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Darkmen
Another creature not of this world. A humanoid figure, devoid of light. Ice cold to the touch.


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Dearg-Dul
In Ireland many druids speak of Dearg-Duls. The Dearg-Dul was to be killed by building a cairn of stones upon the grave. Also spelled Dearg-Due.


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Death Worm
Allegedly, a fat, bright red snakelike animal measuring two to four feet in length that supposedly has the dramatic ability to kill people and animals instantly at a range of several feet. The Mongolian Death Worm is believed to accomplish this by either spraying an enormously lethal poison, or by somehow transmitting high electrical charges into its victims. The worm is said to be found solely in the sand dunes of the southern part of the Gobi Desert; Allghoi Khorkhoi (local name, meaning "intestine worm," because of its color and appearance) is so feared among the people of Mongolia that the simple mention of it is considered bad luck. It is believed that touching any part of the worm will bring instant death, and its venom supposedly corrodes metal. Local folklore also tells of a predilection for the color yellow and local parasitic plants such as the Goyo.


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De Loys Ape
Controversial cryptozoological case that took place near the Tarra River on the border of Venezuela and Colombia in 1920. Swiss geologist Francois de Loys was this expedition's leader, hence De Loys Ape. According to his story, after an arduous journey and many casualties (several men had died), the remnants of the party set up camp near the Tarra River to rest for a while. They were then suddenly attacked by two 5 ft tall ape-like creatures, a male and a female, that waved branches menacingly at the party, howling and screeching, and finally throwing their own dung at the expedition members. In their defense, the party opened fire, and the female was shot dead. The wounded male then retreated into the forest.


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Demon (Daeman, Daimon, Devil, Fiend, hell-hag)
One of the evil spirits of traditional Jewish and Christian belief. Demons were Great Marshalss, Knights, Presidents, Great Presidents, Earls, Great Earls, Dukes, Great Dukes, Marquises, Great Marquises, Princes, Great Princes, Kings, Great Kings, and the ruler of all them the Emperor.


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Dendan                
In Arabian legend, the dendan is a fabulous sea creature. It is said that the dendan are gigantic black fish that will die if they come into any contact with humans, be it touch, or even the sound of a human voice.


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Devas
Devas are small faeries who appear as bright spheres of light. When the light is toned down they are said to be golden-colored beings who wear richly colored robes. They are nature spirits who weem interested in humans, but are shy.


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Devil
One of the evil spirits of traditional Jewish and Christian belief.


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Devil-Bird
A bird that occupies the shadowy borderland between myth and reality in Sri Lanka. Although many people have heard the devilbird's bloodcurdling shrieks, very few have apparently seen the creature, and its true identity remains a mystery. Some ornithologists have suggested that the bird is simply the brown wood owl, but witnesses who claim to have seen the devil-bird say that it has a long tail and cuckoo-shaped body and resembles a nightjar, not an owl. Yet there is no known species of nightjar that screams.


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Devil Whale
Extremely large whale, the size of an island.


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Diba
See also Mokele-Mbembe


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Dibbuk > The spirit or soul of a dead person that inhabits the body of a living one, with sometimes evil, sometimes positive results.


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Didi or Di-Di: See also Mono Grande


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Dinnshenchas
The Dinnshenchas (Din-sheen-k'has) are dwarf faeries in the service of the Irish Goddess Aine, who is both a cattle Goddess and a Goddess who protects women. They have been said to shapeshift into any form to help avenge women harmed by men. They also guard cattle.


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Dipsa
A snake so poisionous that its bite kills before it is felt


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Dire Wolf
A Dire wolf is a large wolf, which are usually portrayed as been much more vicious than a normal wolf and also more intelligent. Dire Wolves are usually black though dark greys are popular as well. There is a second description of a dire wolf that says that a dire wolf is a giant wolf that has been brought back from beyond the grave to hunt down. Dire wolves tend to hunt in packs like there wolf relatives; a dire wolf can often be found leading packs of normal wolves.


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Djinn: See Jinn


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Disir
These are spirits who attach themselves to a particular place, usually man made, like houses. Especially old houses. They are generally feminine ancestral spirits.


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Djadadjii
This was a specific kind of vampire hunter, who "bottled" vampires. The hunter would first bait a bottle with a favorite food of the rascally vampire. He would then use a picture of a saint, or Christ or Mary as an icon, and would drive the vampire from his hiding place, and straight into the bottle. The hunter then corked the bottle and disposed of the vampire by throwing it, bottle and all, into a fire. (Bulgaria)


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Dobhar-chu also known as the "dobhar-chú", "dobarcu", "doyarchu", and "dhuragoo"
A dog of Irish folklore or a cryptid. It lives in water and has fur with protective properties. The Kinlough Stone is claimed to be the headstone of a grave of a woman killed by the Dobhar-chu and shows an old drawing of the creature. It is believed that the Dobhar-chu is really an otter, specifically the King Otter.


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Doby
A Yorkshire name for a friendly hobgoblins.


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Dominions (kyriotetes)
The Dominions hold the task of regulating the duties of lower angels. They receive their orders from the Seraphim, the Cherubim or God Himself, and are responsible for ensuring that the cosmos remains in order. It is only with extreme rarity that the dominions make themselves physically known to mortals, instead quietly concerning themselves with the details of existence.


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Domovlyr
Domoviyr (Doe-moe-veer) are male elves, who like their cousins, the Brownies, live in humans homes which they protect with fierce loyalty. They always wear red shirts and blue girdles, and they like to grumble and growl, but their proverbial bark seems worse than their bite.


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Dongu: See also Bunyip


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Dooinnee-Oie aka Howlaa
(Manx) A kind old man who appears in a misty form before storms and gives warning by blowing a horn or howling (the sound he makes is 'howlaa').


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Doppelganger aka Phantasm, Shadow, Fetch (England), Co-walker, Waff (North Country, Yorkshire), Reflex Man, Echo, Doubleman, Tiwnd-Brother, Companion (Celtic)
Meaning "double walker" a doppelganger is a shadow-self that accompanies every human. Only the owner of a doppelganger can see it, otherwise it is invisible to human eyes. Dogs and cats have been known to see doppelgangers. Providing sympathetic company, a doppelganger almost always stands behind a person, and they cast no reflection in a mirror. They are prepared to listen and give advice to humans, either implanting ideas in their heads, or a sort of osmosis. It is said to be bad luck if it is seen, and rarely a doppelganger will make itself visible to friends or family, often causing great confusion. Doppelgangers can be mischievous and malicious.


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Dover Demon, The
The last thing a 17 year old Bill Bartlett expected to see when driving with two friends through Dover, Massachusetts, at around 10:30 PM on April 21, 1977 was a creature from another dimension. Yet that is what he may have done, at least in the opinion of some investigators-and judging from Bill's description of what he saw, they could have a point! Driving along, his car's headlights suddenly illuminated a peculiar entity picking its way along a stone wall at the side of the road. As can be seen from the picture that Bill later prepared, which is reproduced here, the creature had a disproportionately large head, shaped like a water melon, with two big, protruding eyes that glowed orange, but it did not seem to have a mouth, nose or ears. Its body was small, its neck and limbs were long and thin, and its fingers and toes were slender and supple. The creature appeared to be hairless, but it's peach-colored skin was rough in texture. It stood about 1 meter (3-4 feet) high, and was observed only by Bill (his two friends were not looking in the right direction to see it). Unknown to Bill, however, his strange sighting would soon be substantiated by an entirely independent eyewitness. Less than two hours later, 15 year old John Baxter was walking home little more than a mile from the locality of Bill's encounter when he saw a strange figure coming towards him. After receiving no reply when he called out to it, John paused, and as he did so the figure ran away down a gully. John chased after it and when he was about 9 meters (30 feet) away, he could see it clearly, standing upright on its hind legs and gripping the trunk of a tree. When he spied its brightly glowing eyes staring at him from an otherwise featureless face, however, John decided to let caution supersede curiosity and he walked briskly back to the road. Once he reached home, he too made a visual record of what he had witnessed, and as can be seen here, his wholly independent illustration corresponds very closely indeed with Bill's. At around midnight on April 22, what writer Loren Coleman has subsequently called "The Dover Demon" was seen again, this time by 15 year old Abby Brabham while being driven home by Will Taintor, 18, who only spied it very briefly. Abby's description matched those of Bill and John in every respect except one: when she observed it, its eyes were glowing green, not orange. And thus ended the curious case of the Dover Demon, for it has never been reported again and has never been satisfactorily identified. If the descriptions of it are accurate-and they are certainly very consistent-the Dover Demon does not resemble any species known to science, either from North America or elsewhere. It may not, however, be entirely unknown. The Cree nation of eastern Canada speak of a mysterious race of pygmy entities called the Mannegishi, who delight in playing tricks upon travelers. According to the Cree, the Mannegishi have round heads, long thin legs, arms with six fingers on each hand, and they live between rocks in the rapids. Excluding the finger count discrepancy, this description is reminiscent to the Dover Demon.


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Dracae                
Dracae are traditional English water spirits. According to legend, these shape-shifting spirts float down rivers in the form of wooden dishes. In this way they tempt women into the water to try and recover the dishes. The dracae then change to their human shape to drag the women down to the river bed. The captured human women are required to nurse Dracae children.


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Dracs
In their natural state Dracs appear as great floating purple blobs in the surface of the water. But more often they are seen in the form of a golden chalice or in female humanoid form. They are dangerous to approach.


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Dracula
The Dracula of Transylvanian legend appears to have originated from Vlad IV of Wallachia (1430-1476), known as Vlad the Impaler, although he was not a vampire. It is suggested that Stoker's Count Dracula was a composite figure derived from Vlad the Impaler and the Countess Báthori, who was arrested in 1610 for murdering some 650 girls. It was her habit to wash in the blood of her girl victims in order to maintain her skin in a youthful condition. The name Dracula comes from Vlad's family membership of the Order of the Dragon, although dracul in Romanian strictly speaking means 'the Devil'. The Order of the Dragon was invested upon Vlad's father (his name was Dracul) in 1431, by the Holy Roman Emperor Sigismund. This Order was a semi-monastic and semi-military organization dedicated to fighting the Turkish infidels. Dracul, in the sense of dragon, stems from this... Vlad was called Dracula because this was a diminutive of his father's name, meaning the son of the Devil, or dragon.


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Dragon
A fabulous monster, represented usually as a gigantic reptile breathing fire and having a lion's claws, the tail of a serpent, wings and scaly skin.


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Drakes
Drakes have never been seen by human eyes, but they have been smelled. They are benevolent house spirits who will bless your hearth and multiply and keep your firewood dry in exchange for living in your home.


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Drujas or Drujes
Persian succubi noted for their raging lust, deceitfulness and general corruption, rather resembling the human female as medieval Christian theologians saw her. The Drujes continue in the spirit world the pattern of evil they earlier established as human beings. They delight in "crime and pollution," and their main objective is to lure others to ruin, pain and depravity. The resemblance to the Caballi is obvious.


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Drusi (or Dusi)
According to the Gauls, demons who copulate with human females.


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Dryad
Dryads come from Greek mythology and are female spirits of nature that preside over the forests. A dryad is born with a certain tree species and a particular tree, which she watches over. If the tree is destroyed then the Dryad perishes along side the tree. Dryads punish mortals that somehow damage the trees.


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Duba (the Swahili and villages along the Tana river): See also Chemosit


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Duendes
Spanish incubi. These solitary faeries appear as middle-aged women in green robes. They are small and sly, and their fingers look like long icicles. Extreme jealousy of the human condition is their primary emotion, one which overrides all other concerns, and they seek to harm and destroy humans whever possible. Fortunately there are few left.


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Duergarrs
Duergarrs (Doo-ay-gahrs) are malicious dwarf faeries who, like Trolls, prey on travelers. They wear lambskin jackets, moleskin shoes and green hats, and they stand just under two feet tall. They are extremely surly and dislike people.


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Dullahan
This fairy has a limited power of speech. Its disembodied head is permitted to speak just once on each journey it undertakes, and then has only the ability to call the name of the person whose death it heralds. A dullahan will stop its snorting horse before the door of a house and shout the name of the person about to die, drawing forth the soul at the call. He may also stop at the very spot where a person will die.


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Dunnie aka (HAZELRIGG on Belford Moor, Northumbria, England)
The ghost of a Border reiver who was caught and killed while robbing a granary. He had a considerable amount of plunder hidden in one of the caves in a crag called Bowden Doors and died without disclosing it. He haunts the area to this day. He can shape-shift into a horse or donkey, and likes to play practical jokes.


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Dunters: See Redcap


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Durong Kraisorn
This is a hybrid creature between a lion and a horse. According to the legend, the animal has a horse’s body with reddish skin color, black tail, black horse like hooves, and a graceful head of a lion. The name “Durong Kraisorn” derived from 2 ancient Bali words;“Durong” which means a breed of horse and “Kraisorn” which stands for a lion. Durong Kraisorns are carnivorous in nature. They feed on various inhabitants of the Himapan forest ranging from small animals like rabbits and monkeys to large animals like pigs, deer, and cattle. Its main advantages are fast running speed which is the trait of a horse and powerful deadly bite of a lion.


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Dvorovoi
Slavic household spirits of male sex who copulate with the female members of the family to which they have attached themselves. Dvorovoi are extremely jealous and may strangle a human mistress if she proves unfaithful.


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Dwarfs
Germany/Isle of Rugen/Swiss mountains. Short but powerfully built, they are generally bearded and aged in appearance, this is because they reach maturity when only three years old and are grey bearded by the age of seven. Their homes are the mountains of Scandinavia and Germany where they mine for precious metals to work into arms and armour and other artifacts which are often endowed with magic. They cannot appear above ground tho one ray of sunlight and they will turn to stone. Other accounts say they spend daylight hours as toads.


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Dybbuk
A Jewish demonic spirit capable of possessing humans.


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Dynamesis: See also Powers


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Dziwozony                
The Dziwozony are a race of tall, athletic women from Poland. These wild women live in the forests and will attack lone humans, and will sometimes force young men to be their lovers. They are also known to throw their breasts over their shoulders, so as to move quickly and comfortably. Like færies, they will sometimes steal human babis and leave changelings behind. In Joseph Campbell's The Hero With a Thousand Faces, this race of women is described as Russian and not Polish.


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Dzu-Teh: See also Yeti


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Each-Uisge / Ech-ooshkya
They are similar to the Kelpie, but far more dangerous. They inhabit lochs and seas and will eat their victims after tearing them into pieces, except for the liver, which they leave. If they are ridden inland, they are safe to ride, but if they catch the slightest whiff of the sea air.


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Echeneis
This fish clings to ships and holds them back


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Echinda                
Born of Gæa and Tartarus, she was a beautiful woman from the waist up, but a horrible serpent below. With her husband Typhon, she mothered many beasts that were equally horrible: Cerberus, Orthus, the Hydra, the harpies, Chimera and the gryphon vulture that ate Prometheus' liver. It is said that she also mothered the Sphinx with her son Orthus. Eventually, she was killed by Argus Panoptes.


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Egrigors
Egrigors created by group effort, and which may be apprehended only visually, are the most common, but most occultists also hold that there may be tangible materialized Thought-Forms, and that these may be created by individuals as well as by groups. Usually they are created by intense concentration, but they may also come into being as the result of very intense daydreams or phantasies. Egrigors, once in existence, may develop wills of their own, passing beyond the control of their creator(s). Sometimes, it is reported, they turn upon their creators, inflicting bodily harm. There is the story of a young woman driven insane by the physical and mental cruelties of her Egrigor-lover. There are other stories of men driven to crimes of violence because of their jealousy of the unfaithful Thought-Form mistresses they had created. Other accounts tell of Thought-Form replicas (and DOPPELGANGERS), created for homosexual indulgence, who have murdered their creators and slipped unnoticed into their places in the world. It might be noted that some authorities vigorously deny that the Tibetan Tulpas are to be equated with the Thought-Forms of Western occultists.


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Eight-forked Serpent of Koshi                
The Eight-Forked Serpent of Koshi is an enormous Japanese serpent with eight heads and eight tails, each head having two red eyes. It was large enough to cover eight hills and valleys. Trees, moss and other vegetation grew on its head and back, and it liked to eat young maidens. It would eat one princess every year for seven years. When it tried to eat the eighth princess, it was slaughtered by a knight. The knight built a huge circular enclosure with eight gates and at each gate a platform. At each gate he placed a tub of rice beer. The serpent drank the beer and soon became drunk and fell asleep. While asleep, the knight cut off each of the serpent's nine heads. In the serpent's tail the knight found a sword that is still on display in the temple of Atsuta. Japanese currency commemorates the killing of this serpent.


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Ekimmu
One of the uttuku, evil or vengeful spirits of the ancient Assyrians, the ekimmu appeared wailing and crying outside a home to signal an impending death, much like a Banshee. These are assyrian malignant spirits (half ghost, half vampire) caused by an improper burial. Naturally invisible and capable of possessing humans. They could be destroyed by using wooden weapons or by exorcism.


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El Chupacabra
This ghoulish creature was named El Chupacabra which is Spanish for Goat-sucker. Its name is derive from the methods by which its victim was killed; drained of blood probably through a punctured wound caused by the sucker-like mouth of the creature and drawn through a straw-like tongue, assisted by its saliva which act as a anti-coagulant allowing it to suck with ease.


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Eleionomae
Nymph associated with marshes.


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Elementals                
Elementals are beings which symbolize or have the powers of one of the four elements: earth, air, water, fire. As defined by Paraclesus they are:
        Earth -- Gnomes
        Air -- Sylph
        Water -- Nerieds, undine
        Fire -- Salamander


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Elles and Elle Maids: See Wile Frauen.


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Ellyllon
The name given to the Welsh elves. They are tiny, diaphanous fairies whose food is toads tools and fairy butter, a fungoid substance found in the roots of old trees and in limestone crevices. Their queen is Mab.


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Elves
In Scandinavian mythology the fairy people were elves and were divided into two classes, the light elves and the dark elves, like the Seelie and Unseelie Court. In Scotland the fairy people of human size were often called elves and Faery land was Elfame; in England it was the smaller Trooping Fay who was called elves, and the name was particularly applied to small fairy boys.


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Emela-Ntouka
It is usualy said to be a squat creature with a long, strong tail and a single ivory horn protruding from it's snout. Sounds like a ceratopsian dinosaur. But, the forest rhinos reported from the Congo, which are specified to definitely be rhinos, are called emela-ntouka by the natives. And to add to the confusion, a sculpture from that same region (pictured top) portrays an animal that seems to blend the characterisitcs of the "popular" emela-ntouka and the "rhinoceroid" emela-ntouka. The creature in the sculpture is definitely a mammal, as it's elephant-like ears show, and it reminds me much of a titanothere, but they didn't have a thick tail like that!


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Emma-O
The Japanese Buddhist god of the underworld (from the Sanskrit Yama). He lives in the Yellow Springs under the earth in a huge castle all covered in silver and gold, rosy pearls and other jewels. He is the judge of the dead and notes the sins of those who are sentenced to purgatory, and decides the degree of their punishments according to Buddha's Law. Anyone who has killed an innocent will be thrown into a boiling cauldron full of molten metal. However, if they have made a pilgrimage to each of the 33 shrines of the goddess of mercy Kannon, then all the evil they have done will disappear. Sometimes he is portrayed less pitiless and returns life to those who appear before him. On the last day of the Festival of the Dead, the sea is full of shoryobuni ('soul ships'), for on that day the high tide brings a flood of returning ghost who go back to their spirit world. The sea is luminescent with the light these souls emit, and their whispering can be heard. While the ghosts are embarking, no human ship should come near. Should one stray into the soul-covered sea, the ghosts will ask for pails. The sailors should only offer them pails without bottoms, for if they do not, the ghosts will sink their ship. Currently, Emma-o is used as a bogeyman to scare little children.


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Empusae                
In ancient Greek lore, malevolent and sensual female demons. They could assume the forms of animals or of beautiful girls, and in the forms of young girls they copulated as succubi with men.Daughters of Hecate, the empusae are cannibalistic female monsters and have sometimes been confused with the lamia. They are half-ass and half-human, but could change themselves into bitches, cows or beautiful maidens. In these shapes they would lure travelers to themselves and would then devour them. Sometimes they are depicted as blood-sucking vampire-like creatures.


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Engargiya (Uganda): See also Chemosit


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Ephialtes
Greek equivalents of incubi.


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Erathipa
A huge boulder in the shape of a pregnant woman bears this name. It is said that the souls of dead children reside within it, and that if a woman of child-bearing age walks by a soul slips from the boulder and into her womb to be reborn.


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Erawan
Described as a hugh elephant with silvery white body of 33 heads, each head has 7 long ivory tusks. Each of his tusk is 16 million meters long, so huge that it can house 7 large lotus ponds, within each tusk also live thousands of angels and their servants.


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Erdluitle
These dwarf faeries have webbed feet which they try to keep hidden out of embarrassment. However, they cannot swim and sink like stones if placed in water. They wear hoods, smocks, and long cloaks which always drape over their feet. They used to be helpful to farmers, but now seem to dislike humans.


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Erdmanlein: See Gnome


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Eretica
A Russian vampire species, a woman who sold her sould to the Devil during her lifetime, returning after death in the guise of an old woman. This traditional psychic vampire kills by draining energy, the victim wasting away very slowly. The plural is ereticy.


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Ericthonius                
Erichthonius was the monster child of the Greek god Hephæstus and the Greek goddess Gæa. He was half-human and half-serpent. He was abandoned by Gæa and was taken up by another goddess, Athena. She placed Erichthonius in a chest and gave it to the three daughters of the king of Athens. They were instructed not to open the chest, but out of curiosity, they opened the chest. When they saw the horrible child, they became mad with terror and threw themselves off the Acropolis. After all of this, Athena reared the child herself. Some say that Erichthonius had the ability to restore life because Athena gave him drops of blood from the gorgon, Medusa. Despite his monstrous form, Erichthonius became the king of Athens. The temple Erichthius on the Athenian Acropolis is named for this King.


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ErlKonig or Erlking
He is the "Elf King" a Germanic goblin who is King of the dwarves. He lures humans, especially children, to the forest and kills them. He's been known to warn people of their pending deaths. How he appears will relay to that person how he or she is going to die.


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Erynnes                
The name Erinyes or Erinnyes means "angry ones". These are three female hag-like creatures who have the head of a dog, snakes for hair and bat wings. They are often depicted as carrying a torch or a whip. They were also known in Greek myth as the Furies. There are two possible origins for the Furies. In one account, they spring from the blood of the castrated Uranus. In another version, they are mothered by Gæa with air and bad human emotions. Either way, their purpose is the same: to pursue and torment guilty people. They chase them and cause horrible deaths. Because of this, they cannot die while sin exists. The three Furies are named Alecto, Tisiphone, Megaera. Sometimes the Erynnyes are called Eumenides which means "kindly ones" as it is bad luck to say their real name.


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Estrie
A medieval demon; also, a witch. A night-flier capable of changing form at will, the Estrie drinks the blood of humans and has sexual intercourse with them.


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Etemmu aka Gidim
The Akkadian name for the soul of a dead person who was not buried. This spirit will wander the earth eternally and can seriously harm people. In the Sumerian tradition it is called Gidim.


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Fachan The
From the West Highlands of Scotland.


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Faeries


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Fantine                
These Swiss færies lived in the Vaud valleys. They would bring good weather for farmers, and if they particularly liked a farmer, they would supply his cows with bells so they could not become lost.


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Faun                
The Fauns, which are associated with Satyrs, but are known to be more gentle, are mischievous creatures with the legs, ears and tail of a deer and the face and body of a handsome young man. They follow the god Faunus and can cause nightmares. At times, they can also be quite cheerful.


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Fauth aka Vough ('The Fuathan', Scottish)
A type of malicious and dangerous water-spirit with a close connection with water, lochs, rivers or the sea. Typically a portent of the death of the person experiencing the encounter or an acquaintance or family member. The following can all be considered to be types of Fauth


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Fays
The dialect name in Northumberland.


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Fair Family or Fair Folk
The euphemistic name used by the Welsh for the fairies. (See Tylwyth Teg.)


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Farisees or Pharisees
The Suffolk name for fairies. The Suffolk children used to be confused between the farisees and the biblical mentions of the Pharises.


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Fary
The dialect name in Northumberland.


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Feeorin
A small fairy that is indicated as being, green coated, generally red capped, and with the usual fairy traits of love of dancing and music.


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Fees
The fairies of Upper Brittany.


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Fiend: See also Devil


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Feng-huang                
This bird, the Chinese equivalent of the phoenix, has three legs and lives in the sun. The Feng is the male and the Huang is the female, together symbolizing everlasting love. They have the head and comb of a pheasent and the feathers of a peacock. The plumage blends the five colours and the song of the bird is the harmony of the five notes. It has sometimes been associated with the roc.


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Fenoderee
A type of Brownie from the Isle of Man. A willing worker of prodigious strength, the Fenoderee performs many labours for the farmers of Man. The Fenoderee was a member of the Ferrishyn the faerie tribe of Man, until he made the mistake of absenting himself from their Autumn festival to court a mortal girl. His good looks were taken from him and he became the solitary, ugly creature he is now.


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Fenrir                
Fenrir, also known as Fenris-wolf, is from Norse mythology. He is the son of Loki and the giantess, Angrboda. The brother of Hel and the Midgard Serpent, Fenrir was a fierce giant wolf. He was so dangerous the the gods decided to bind him in chains. After trying the strongest chains, which Fenrir broke, the gods made a magical invisible chain called Gleiphir which was made from many impossible substances including the roots of a mountain, the noise of a moving cat, the breath of a fish, the sinews of a bear, etc. It is said that during the mythical battle of Ragnorok, Fenrir will break free of the chain and will devour everything, including Odin, the king of the gods. However, Fenrir dies after killin Odin, as his son Vidar stabs him.


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Feral Children
Children who have apparently been nurtured in the wild by animals. Also, children that by some twist of fate and/or circumstance were raised in a non-human, inhuman or sub-human environment, and because of it did not learn how to communicate and/or behave in a human manner.


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Feriers or Ferishers
Another Suffolk name for the fairies.


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Ferries
The usual name for the Shetland and Ocadian fairies.


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Ferrishyn / Ferrishin
A Manx name for the fairie tribe; the singular is "ferrish". They are the Trooping Fairies of Man, though there does not seem to be any distinction between them and the Sleih Beggey. They are less aristocratic than the fairies of Ireland and Wales, and they have no named fairy king or queen. They were small, generally described as three feet in height, though sometimes as one foot. They could hear whatever was said out of doors. Every wind stirring carried the sound to their ears, and this made people very careful to speak of them favorably.


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Fetes
The Fates of Upper Brittany.


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Fig Fauns
Fauns or Satyrs of the desert, so called because they supposedly subsisted on figs. The Malleus Male ficarum holds that Pans, Incubi, Satyrs, Fauns and Dusii are all the same beings.


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Figona (Melanesian San Christoval)
Spirits which were never human.


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Fin Folk
The Fink Fok are anthropomorphic faeries who have made it clear that they wish to avoid humans, though they seem not to wish us any harm.


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Firbolgs                
According to Irish legend, firbolgs were a race of beings from Europe who invaded Ireland. They were conquered by another group of beings, the Fomorians. They were later banished from Ireland by Tuatha de Danann. Their name means "people of the bogs".


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Fir Darrig / Fear dearg
Delights in practical joking of a rather gruesome nature and therefore it is probably safer to humor him.


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Firebird
The firebird (Zshar-ptitsa) comes from Russian folklore it is a miraculous bird, its feathers shine silver and gold, its eyes sparkle like crystals. The firebird is a nocturnal bird as at night this bird illuminates the land that it flies over. It is said that a feather from its tail can light up a dark room. The firebird eats golden apples. When the firebird sings it is said that pearls would fall from its beak. The firebird was also able to heal the sick and cure the blind by its chants.


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Fire Spirits
Elementals said to cohabit with old women who  are witches, or who are obsessed by evil spirits. Fire Spirits are reported to have a fiery shape, though whether they are hot, and burn the women who enter into intimacies with them, I have been unable to discover.


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Fireesin
The Fireesin (Fear-ee-sheen) are solitary faeries who help farmers. They are nude, covered with patches of brown, coarse hari, and in general are not very physically appealing. They seem to want to be of service to humans, but they are not known for being very bright.


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Fireti: See also Ufiti


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Flathead Lake Monster
Creature or creatures that supposedly have been sighted in the murky waters of Flathead Lake in western Montana, USA, since the late 1880s.


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Foawr / fooar)
Manx equivalent of Highland Fomorians/giants, stone throwing.


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Flower Faeries: See Pillywiggins


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Folletti
Folletti (Foe-let-ee) are so small and light that they are practically invisible, but their distinguishing characteristic is known to us-their toes point backward. They seem to pay no attention to humans and changed the weather merely for their own sport rather than for any baneful purpose.

Formorians
The Formorians are sea monsters, the survivors of a banished faery race driven out of Ireland by the Tuatha De Danann. They have grotesquely misshapen bodies which look as if they have been haphazardly thrown together with the leftover parts of assorted animals. They do have arms and legs and have been seen occasionally on land. They are ill-tempered and very stupid.


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Fortresses: See also Virtues


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Fossegrim
Fossegrim are smaller than humans, perfectly formed except for their feet, which tend to taper off into a misty nothingness. they can be either baneful or playful dpending upon their mood of the moment.


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Frairies
The Norfolk and Suffolk, local version of the word "fairy".


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Frankenstein's Monster
A classic horror story by Mary Shelley. Frankenstein made a soulless monster out of corpses from churchyards and dissecting rooms and endued it with life by galvanism. The tale shows that the creature longed for sympathy but it was shunned by everyone and became the instrument of dreadful retribution on the student who usurped the prerogative of the Creator. The name is sometimes wrongly used as that of the monster itself, and hence for any monstrous creation.


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Friday Spirits
Friday's star is Venus, and the Spirits of Friday incite sexual desires. When called up, these spirits may appear as naked girls or as she-goats, and in these forms they may act as succubi. They sometimes take other forms as well.


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Furies: see Erynnes


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Fyglia
A sort of personal spirit. They often take an animal form. The Native Americans call them "fetches" and use them as totems. They serve mostly as personal guardians.


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Fylgiar
An Icelandic faerie. It is similar to the Irsh Bean Sidhe and the German Erlkonig in that it warns of approaching death. It is said that children born with a caul over their heads will go through life accompanied by a Fylgiar acting as a familiar.


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Gabil Puksa
A half bird-half monkey creature. The creature's equipped with a pair of wings on its upper shoulders.


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Gadett (Lumbwa district, Kenya): See also Chemosit


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Galone
Mythical king of birds. It has a peak, two wings, two hands, and two legs.


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Galumph
Six legged monster. Covered in thick fur. Likes the taste of lutins. Named for the sound it makes while running.


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Gancanagh
The Gancanagh (Gon-cawn-ah) is a male faery who materializes in lonely places and attempts to seduce human females, who will eventually die of love for him.


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Gandharvas, The
The Gandharvas are extra small faeries who live underground and possess vast musical talents. They will cause humans no harm, but will avoid us if possible.


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Ganesha
A Hindu god of wisdom, Ganesha has the head of an elephant and the pot-bellied body of a man with four arms. He is the patron of learning and bringer of good luck. There are several myths describing his origin, most dealing with Shiva's wife Parvati, and the decapitation of Ganesha, then replacing his head with that of an elephant. He is usually seen in works of art very relaxed with beautiful maidens surrounding him.


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Gans
Apache Indian shamen offer prayers to the Gans, asking them to drive evil spirits away and to attract good fortune.


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Gargantua                
The origin of the adjective 'gargantuan', this giant had a huge appetite. From medieval europe, this giant once ate five pilgrams as a salad.


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Gargoyles
Gargoyles are often seen as winged stone creatures, that sit watching high up on the tops of buildings. They sit still for many hours before diving down on its prey below. The origin of Gargoyles in popular mythology and fantasy comes from stone carvings placed on churches and other high status buildings that were said to ward off evil spirits. Gargoyles also served as drainage decorations on these buildings. It is speculated that the name gargoyle name comes from the water gargling down the downspout.


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Garkain
Described as a big as a man, with bat-like wings and a foul stench. If any stray hunter or lost child entered his mangrove forest, he would swoop from the trees, wrapping his wings around the unwary. The unfortunate victim would first choke on the stench, and then slowly suffocate. The Garkain would then consume the flesh. The victim's spirit was then condemned to wander the region, unable to find his way home to the final resting place of his tribe.


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Garm                
Sometimes depicted as a group of dogs, Garm was the dog that guarded the gate to hell in Norse mythology. Having four eyes and seen with blood spattered on it, the dog was very fierce and dangerous. Sometimes this dog has been compared to Cerberus, as both are ferocious dogs that guard the realm of hell in their respective mythologies.


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Garuda                
Sometimes called Garida, it is probably the oldest of the great birds. Having many characteristics that are similar to the roc, the Garuda was capable of blocking out the sun with its body, and picking up elephants in it talons. It had an eagle's beak and wings with a human's body. His face was white, his wings scarlet and his body golden. Sometimes it was called the bird of life. This bird was the mount of Vishnu. Sometimes it was thought that this bird was the incarnation of the fire god because of how brightly it shone at birth. This bird was the dreaded enemy of the nagas.


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Gaysorn Singha or Garsorn Singha
A mixed lion that combine features from an ox. It has gray lion body with the legs like an ox complete with hooves.


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Geancanach
The Geancanach (Gan-cahn-ock) is pixie-like in appearance, with huge eyes that curve upward on the ends and large pointed ears. They are always depicted as being very small, no more than a few inches in height, and having a playful, if somewhat mischievous, smiles. They have small wings which do not seem functional, and they appear to move from place to place by dematerializing and reappearing quite rapidly. They may be mistaken for flickering lights or lightning bugs.


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Genie: See Jinn


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Gentry, the
The most noble tribe of all the fairies in Ireland. A big race who came from the planets and usually appear in white. The Irish used to bless the Gentry for fear of harm otherwise.


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Geong Si
Jiang Shr (Putonghua) or Kuang Shi (Cantonese) are the zombies of Chinese myth. They have physical bodies, but they are not alive, nor have they will or thought. They are closer to Haitian zombies than to anything else in widely-known Western folklore.


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Geryon                
It is said that Geryon was the strongest man alive, having three bodies joined at the waist, three heads and six arms and hands. He lived on the island of Erytheia beyond the pillars of Heracles, i.e. in the Atlantic, beyond the strait of Gibraltar. He had a herd of unique red cattle. One of the twelve labours of Heracles was to capture these cows and take them to Eurystheus. After doing this, Heracles was pursued by Geryon. Heracles killed Geryon by shooting an arrow that had been dipped in the blood of the hydra through all three of Geryon's bodies.


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Ghede
Ghede is the god of the dead in voodoo, but it is also the name of the group of deities who belong to his retinue. He is a very wise man for his knowledge is an accumulation of the knowledge of all the deceased. He stands on the center of all the roads that lead to Guinee, the afterworld. Ghede is represented as an undertaker, dressed completely in black wearing dark glasses. His followers disguise themselves as corpses and they dance the Banda. Other members of his retinue are Baron la Croix and Baron Cemetière. His feminine counterpart is Maman Brigitte.


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Ghilen Peek (See Winged Ghilen)

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Ghillie Dhu
A Scottish solitary faerie who inhabits certain birch hickets. His clothing is made of leaves and moss.


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Ghost (Haunt, Shade, Specter, Spirit, Spook, Wraith)
The visible disembodied soul of a dead person


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Ghoul or Ghole
Someone who takes bodies from graves and sells them for anatomical dissection


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Gianes
Gianes (Gee-ahwn-ayes) are solitary wood Elves who occasionally will aid humans. They were old-fashioned peasant clothing and large, pointed hats made of animal skins. They are nearly always seen with small spinning wheel spindles in their back pockets.


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Giant
The Giants were as tall as mountains and so strong as to be unbeatable. According to Apollodorus, their shaggy hair drooped from their heads and chins, and they had dragon scales on their feet. The mightiest Giants were Porphyrion and Alkyoneus. Alkyoneus could remain immortal as long as he fought in the land of his birth, Pallene, in the region of Thrace. A bold troublemaker, Alkyoneus dared to steal some cows owned by the Sun.


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Giant Congo Snake
Belgium helicopter pilot, Col. Remy Van Lierde, spotted this creature while on patrol over the congo and took a picture of it. The snake he saw measured approximately 40 to 50 feet in length, dark brown/green with a white belly. It had triangle shaped jaws and a head about 3 ft x 2 ft. Experts have analyzed the pictures and have verified them as authentic. They also have verified the size of the creature by matching ground features to the snake. As the helicopter flew in lower the snake raised up 10 feet and looked as if it would strike at the helicopter if they flew any closer.


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Gin-Sung
Allegedly, a Asian type of giant hairy hominid that inhabits central China. According to reports the Gin-Sung has a long and shaggy black to dark gray coat, a flat head, beetling brow with a sort of upcurled bang on it, long powerful arms and huge hands, and very human-like feet that leave imprints like those of a giant man but with two subdigital pads under the first toe just like the Sasquatch. The Sherpas of Tibet call this creature Dzu-Teh. This is the beast that Bernard Heuvelmans (famous cryptozoologist) suggested might be a descendant of, related to, or even actually a Gigantopithecus, the largest primate that ever walked the Earth which went extinct 500,000 years ago.


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Gitto
Gittos (Ghee-toes) have the heads of horses and the bodies of goats, but they have human speech and laughter. Though they have no wings, they can fly for short distances. They do not like people.


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Glaistig, The
Is a water faerie and is part seductive woman, part goat. The goat like attributes she tries to hide under a long flowing green dress. The Glaistig lures men to dance with her before she feeds, vampire like, on their blood. Her nature is typically faerie
perverse for she can also be benign and gently tend children or old people. She will also sometimes herd cattle for farmers.


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Glashtin
The Glashtin (Glosh-teen) is a goblin who is half cow and half horse. If the head part is a cow his is stupid; if a horse, he is shrewd and cunning.


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Globster, The
An unidentified carcass of considerable size washed up on a seashore. In the past these were often described as sea monsters, and myths and legends about such monsters may often have started with the appearance of a globster.


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Gnome                
The word gnome comes from the Greek word "gnosis" meaning knowledge. This was applied to them because it was said that they knew the exact location of precious metals. They are usually depicted as grotesque dwarves wearing tight-fitting brown clothes and monastic hoods. They live underground and guard the earth's treasures. Hard-working and usually depicted as being old, they can dissolve into the trunks of trees to hide from humans. Sometimes they are confused with goblins, but gnomes are usually good-natured, hard- working and reliable whereas goblins are malevolent. They do tend to be sad however, because they rule in cold places. Typically, they live for hundreds of years. These vegetarians are one of the four groups of elementals.


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Goazi or Guayazi
A South American type of dwarf-like hairy hominid averaging 5 ft tall and regarded as being extremely bestial.


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Goblins
A breed of small, swarthy, malicious being although 'goblin' as a term is often used as a general name for thee uglier inhabitants of Faerie. They sometimes appear in the shape of animals which appropriately reflects their bestial nature. They are the thieves and villains of Faerie, companions to the Dead, especially on Halloween.


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God Bear aka Bergman's Bear or Irkuiem (‘trousers pulled down’) or Kainyn-Kutho (‘god bear')
The Korjak and Chukchi natives on the shores of the Bering Sea in northern Kamchatka (Russia) describe a beast with forelegs far longer than the hind, and a bulge of fat between the hind legs which often reaches to the ground, giving the appearance of a pulled-down pair of pants, and the creature its name.


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Godzilla
Following the French atomic bomb tests in the South Pacific, an unknown creature is spotted passing eastward through the Panama Canal. Scientist Niko Tatopolous is called in to investigate the matter, and he quickly arrives at the conclusion that a giant, irradiated lizard has been created by the explosions. Godzilla then makes its way north, landing at Manhattan to begin wreaking havoc in the big city.


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Golem
A Jewish zombie like spirit who is to avenge a wrongful death.


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Golub-Yavan: See also Almas


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Good Neighbors
One of the most common Scottish and Irish names for the fairies.


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Good People
The Irish often referred to their Sidhe in this manner. (See Daoine Maithe)


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Gorgon Medusa                
The Gorgons are three hideous sisters from Greek mythology. It is said that they live in the far west and are the offspring of sea-gods. Instead of hair, they have live snakes; their necks are covered with scales; they have tusks like a boar's, golden hands and bronze wings. It is said, that the Gorgon, Medusa, was once a beautiful maiden, but because of her boasting that she was even more beautiful than Athena, the goddess of wisdom stripped her of all her beautiful qualities leaving her the hideous monster of infamy. Because of her appearance, Medusa has the power to turn anyone who gazes upon her to stone. Unlike her sisters though, Medusa is mortal, and is killed by Perseus with the aid of Athena and Hermes. Her sisters, the other gorgons, Stheno and Euryale, are immortal. The blood of the Gorgon had special powers. It was a lethal poison, but it also granted Erichthonius the power to reanimate the dead. From the blood of Medusa, it is said that the winged horse Pegasus was created. The decapitated head of Medusa was used by Perseus to kill the sea monster Cetus. He then gave the head to Athena who fixed it in the middle of her Ægis, her shield (or breastplate).


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Grant
A small horse which stands upright; each Grant is attached to a particular place and when he senses danger will run through the town shouting warnings.


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Grassman (Ohio): See also Bigfoot


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Great Eagles
Great eagles are fantasy creatures that are normally based on the golden eagle, but there size much greater, with wing spans of six or seven meters across. These birds are often seen as allies of good and are associated with the High Elves and Wood Elves. They act as information carriers and they are sometimes seen as sentient creatures with high intelligence.


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Green Children, The
The fairy are recorded in the medieval chronicles under such a name.


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Green Lady of Caerphilly, The
Takes on the appearance of Ivy when she is not walking through the ruined castles she haunts.


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Greencoaties
The name for the fairies that dwell in Lincolnshire Fen country.


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Greenies
The euphemistic name used for the fairies in Lancashire, associated with the Jacobean Fairies.


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Gremlin
Gremlins are spirits of tools and machinery. They are thought to be responsible for mishaps and breakdowns with tools and equipment. Each house has an Gremlin which entered the house as an occupant of an household appliance. Originally Gremlins were friendly towards mankind and helped engineers and inventors build things but when these people took all the credit the Gremlins were insulted and from that point on they work against us.


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Grendel                
In the eighth century English epic called Beowulf, the monster Grendel is described. Grendel is a giant, half-man and half-monster. Every night Grendel would terrorize the hall of the Danish King Hrothgar, killing thirty of his men nightly. This started a terrible feud between Hrothgar's court and Grendel that would last many years. Each night the creature would return and murder and destroy and no one could stop him, as he was under an enchantment that made Grendel invulnerable to a sword. Eventually, Beowulf came to Hrothgar's court and swore that he would kill the beast. When Grendel arrived, Beowulf wrestled with the creature, eventually using great strength to rip Grendel's arm off. The arm was nailed up as a trophy in the court. Grendel retreated to his cave and died of the wound and of his great misery at the fact that he had lost his only pleasure: tormenting and killing those in Hrothgar's hall. After witnessing the death of her son, Grendel's mother, a beast scarcely less terrible than her son, a water-troll, determined to avenge her son. She came at night to the hall and tore down her son's arm. Beowulf followed her and saw her disappear into the waters of Dark Lake. He was attacked by serpents and brought to her cave. A terrible battle ensued and even though he had been terribly wounded by her claws, Beowulf killed Grendel's mother. Upon doing this, he noticed an enormous sword. This was the only sword that could harm Grendel. So he used it and lopped off the head of the creature and carried it back to the hall as a trophy.


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Grey Neighbors, the
One of the euphemistic names for the fairies given by the Shetlanders to the Trows, the small gray clad goblins whom the Shetlanders used to propitiate and fear, using against them many of the means used all over the islands as protection against fairies.


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Griffin, Griffon, Grifon and Gryphon)
The griffin or gryphon is a mythical quadruped with the foreparts of an eagle and the rear, tail and hindquarters of a lion.  Its eagle-like head had pointed, upstanding ears like those of an ass. Feathers grew upon its head, neck and chest and the rest of the griffin's body was covered in leonine fur, subtly colored in shades of tawny brown. Aelian said the wings of griffins were white and their necks were variegated in colour with blue feathers. The griffin claws were especially valuable as they were reputed to change color in the presence of poison, which is why they made useful drinking vessels.  At times, it is portrayed with a long snake-like tail. In some traditions, only the female has wings. Its nests are made of gold and its eggs resemble agates. It is supposed to be of gigantic proportions, the morphology being left to our own deduction after we have been informed that one claw is the size of a cow's horn.
There are a number of different types of griffins;
" the snake-griffin has a lion's body, a snake's head and a bird's legs;
" the lion-griffin is lion-like but has hind legs shaped like those of a bird. The hippogryph, living far beyond the seas in the Rhiphaean Mountains, is the result of the rare breeding of a male gryphon and a filly. It has the head, wings and front legs of a gryphon, and the back and hind legs of a horse. It is a large powerful creature that can move through the air more swiftly than ligthning. It figured in several of the legends of Charlemagne as a mount for some of the knights. The Hypogriffin is a mix of a griffin and a horse.


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Grigs: See Pixies


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Grim Reaper, The
Death personified as an old man or a skeleton with a scythe


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Grogoch
Half human, half-fairy aborigines who came from Kintyre in Scotland to settle in Ireland. The grogoch, well-known throughout north Antrim, Rathlin Island and parts of Donegal, may also to be found on the Isle of Man, where they are called 'phynnodderee'. Resembling a very small elderly man, though covered in coarse, dense reddish hair or fur, he wears no clothes, but sports a variety of twigs and dirt from his travels. Grogochs are not noted for their personal hygiene there are no records of any female grogochs. The grogoch is impervious to searing heat or freezing cold. His home may be a cave, hollow or cleft in the landscape. In numerous parts of the northern countryside are large leaning stones which are known as 'grogochs' houses'. He has the power of invisibility and will often only allow certain trusted people to observe him. A very sociable being, the grogoch. He may even attach himself to certain individuals and help them with their planting and harvesting or with domestic chores - for no payment other than a jug of cream. He will scuttle about the kitchen looking for odd jobs to do and will invariably get under people's feet. Like many other fairies, the grogoch has a great fear of the clergy and will not enter a house if a priest or minister is there. If the grogoch is becoming a nuisance, it is advisable to get a clergyman into the house and drive the creature away to inadvertently torment someone else.


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Gruagach
The Gruagach (Grew-g'ac) is a solitary female faery, extremely grotesque in apparance, but with a heart of gold. She carries a shpherd's staff in her gnarled hands, and her gown is usually green in color, though it has been said to be cornsilk gold. She enjoys any brief human contact she can get and will offer whatever help she can in your spiritual pursuits if you do not show fear or revulsion.


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Guanérou
See also Mokele-Mbembe


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Guardian Angel
An angel assigned to a particular individual soul to guard and keep it safe.


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Gugu: See also Orang Letjo


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Gui
The Chinese term for the spirits of the dead, formed of the negative yin components of a person's soul (i.e., the po souls) after death. Literally ghost, spirit, demon. The same term is also applied to all dead souls except those of members of one's own family, because they are believed to be capable of avenging injustices or insults suffered by them when they were still alive. The Gui wear clothes which have no hems, and their bodies cast no shadows. People can only perceive them as a breath of air. To these ghosts, humans are only perceived as a dim red light. To placate the Gui, people make offerings of paper money. This money is issued by the "bank of the Lower World", and is burned during special ceremonies. The feast of the hungry ghost (the ghosts of people who died by drowning or hanging or die a long way from home, as well as those for who no ancestral tree has been erected) is celebrated in the seventh month of each year.


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Guillyn Veggey
The Little Boys is a Manx term for the fairies who dwell on the Isle of Man.


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Gul-Biavan: See also Almas


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Guli-Avan: See also Almas


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Gulon                
The Gulon is a beast from Scandinavian legend. Is is described as a lion-hyena with the tail of a fox. It is said to have sharp claws. It is sometimes used as a symbol of gluttony.


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Gumpee Nimitr
A mixed creature between an angel and a crocodile. The upper body has features of an angle, and Crocodile features from hips downward.


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Guriuz
These Italian weather Elves have not been seen for a long time. They were said to look like other Italian Elves and to be friendly toward farmers.


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Gwartheg y Llyn
Welsh faerie cattle.


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Gwrach Y Rhibyn
(Cardiganshire, Wales) A Banshee who travels invisibly beside the person they wish to warn; if she came to a crossroads or a stream she would burst out into a ghastly shriek beating the ground or water and crying out "My husband! My husband!" If she was warning a married woman, or "My Wife!" or "My little child!" as appropriate. Inarticulate screams typically meant the coming death of the listener. She is hideous, with tangled hair, long black teeth, and withered arms long and out of proportion with her body.


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Gwragedd Annwn, The
Are Welsh water faeries, beautiful Lake Maidens who occasionally take mortals to be their husbands. One well known legend tells of a young man who used to graze his cattle by a small lake near the Black Mountains. One day he saw a most enchanting creature rowing gently to and fro in a golden boat on the surface of the lake. He fell deeply in love with her and offered her some of the bread he had brought from home for his midday meal. She answered that the bread was too hard and disappeared into the depths. The young man's mother gave him some unbaked dough to take with him the next day and he offered this to the faerie but she answered that it was too soft and again disappeared. On the third day he took some lightly baked bread, which passed. Three figures rose from the lake, and old man with a beautiful daughter on either side of him. The girls were identical and the father told the young farmer that he was willing to offer him the daughter with whom he was in love if he could point her out. The farmer would have given up in despair but one slightly moved her foot and he, recognizing her slipper, won her hand. The young farmer was warned that he would lose his wife if he ever should strike her three times causelessly. The Gwragedd Annwn had some curious faerie ways; would weep at weddings and laugh at funerals, which led her husband to strike her, and she was forced to leave him. Though her sons she had left behind with all of their faery teachings they became great physicians.


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Gwyllion                
Sometimes taking the form of goats, these Welsh female færies are hideous in appearance. They hide at roadsides, often making travelers become lost. They should be welcomed into a house or they can become offended and will cause mischief.


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Gyl Burnt-Tayl
(England) A a flirtatious, female Ellylldan.


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Gytrash                
This sprit from northern England haunts lonely roads awaiting travelers. Sometimes they take the shape of horses or dogs. Usually feared, they can also be benevolent, guiding lost travelers on the right road.


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Hags
Inhabiting the British Isles, who seem to personify winter, are probably survivals of the oldest goddesses. Some turn, like winter into Spring, from hideously ugly old women into beautiful young maidens, and others like Black Annis are cannibalistic.


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Haietlik: See also Wasgo


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Hamadryadniks
Hamadryadniks are tree spirits who, like the Lesidhe, appear as living foliage. But unlike the Hamadryads and Dryads, they hate humans.


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Hamadryads: See Dryads


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Hameh                
The Hameh is a bird that springs forth from the blood of a murdered victim in Arabic mythology. It has a monotonous call that means give me drink. The Hameh will not rest untill it has drunk its fill of the murderer's blood. It then flies off to the land of dead spirits where it announces that the original death has been avenged.


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Hannya
A vampire Japanese demon. The most common manifestation is the feminine form although there are male hannya. This is a beautiful woman who becomes insane, then is transformed at the time of her death into a hideous creature who feeds upon children, especially infants.


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Harpy                
Originally wind spirits, the Harpies' inital role is to carry to Hades the souls of the dead. The harpies are born from Typhon and Echinda. There are four Harpies: Aello (meaning rain-squall), Celaeno (storm-dark), Okypete (swift-flying), and Podarge (swift-foot). In later myths the Harpies are featured as winged monsters with pale female human faces with long hair and claws made of brass. Although invulnerable, they always look hungry and withered. Everything that they touch immediately becomes contaminated with an awful stench. They were afraid of only one thing: the sound of a brass instrument.


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Hashmallim: See also Dominions


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Hayra
a crocodile like creature with some features of a Naga (see Nagas Nagas). This creature is believed to be amphibious and carnivorous.


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Heather Pixies
Like other Pixies, the Heather Pixies have clear or golden auras and delicate, translucent wings. But these faeries are attracted specifically to the moors and to the heather which covers them. They are not averse to human contact, but do not seek us out. They have a pranksterish nature.


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He-Goat
A beast so hot that its blood dissolves diamond


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Hellhound
Hellhounds look like a well-built canine with rusty red fur. Hellhounds have glowing red eyes which a used to terrify prey there eyes also enable them to see in the dark. Hellhounds stand about four and a half foot in height. Hellhounds have the ability to breathe fire. They are very aggressive beasts and are expert hunters. They have a pack structure like wolves.


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Hemaraj
A mixed lion between a Hem and a Lion. The woird "Hemaraj" is a combined word from "Hem" and "Raja". It's ahard to describe what a "Hem" is. Some say Hem is much like a Hong (Swan) But in some depiction the head of a Hem looks more like Cocodile's.


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Hemara Ussa Dorn
One of the most distinctive looking horse-based creatures, with its bird-like head and the body of a horse. The name “Hemara Ussa Dorn” is a mixed word. “Hemara” means Hongsa which is a type of bird, and “Ussa Dorn” means horse. According to the legend, the body of a Hemara Ussa Dorn is covered with black fur with white horse tail. Hemara Ussa Dorns inhibit grasssland close to a water source. Omnivorous in nature, their diets include grass, insects and small fish.


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Hercinia
This bird is born in the Hercynian forest in Germany. Its feathers so glow in the dark that they make a visible path like a beacon.


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Herodiade: See Nocticula

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Henkies
One of the names given to the Trows of Orkney and Shetland.


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Higabon (Japan): See also Bigfoot


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High Elves
Elves are a tall, slim and regal built race. They are seen as a noble race, and tend to be beautiful or handsome in appearance. Elves are a paled skinned race. Elves are strong and agile in comparison with humans and are often seen as more intelligent and wiser. Elves have a longer life span than humans do. Elves build refined weapons that are seen as master craftsmanship by other races. They use Swords, bows and lances mainly they don't like using crossbows or gunpowder weapons.


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Hinky-Punk
(Somerset-Devon borders); A type of Will O' the Wisp, possessing one leg and a light which leads travellers into bogs.


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Hinthar
Brahminy duck


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Hippocampus                
The Hippocampus is a beast that is half-fish and half-horse. It may or may not have forelegs with webbed paws, but does have the tail of a horse or serpent. It may have a fin on its back. It is said to be the mount of Neptune. It appears in medieval heraldry.


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Hippocerf                
The hippocerf is a creature that is half horse and half deer. It is said to represent indecision because of its opposing nature.


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Hippogryph                
The hippogryph, living far beyond the seas in the Rhiphaean Mountains, is the result of the rare breeding of a male gryphon and a filly. It has the head, wings and front legs of a gryphon, and the back and hind legs of a horse. It is a large powerful creature that can move through the air more swiftly than lightning. It figured in several of the legends of Charlemagne as a mount for some of the knights.


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Hituhitu
In the belief of the Lakalai (central New Britain), the spirit of a dead man when it appears to humans.


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Hobgoblin
Used by the Puritans and in later times for wicked goblin spirits, but its more correct use is for the friendly spirits of the Brownie type. Hobgoblin was considered an ill omen word. "Hob" and "Lob" are words meaning the same kind of creature as the Hobgoblin. They are on the whole good humored and ready to be helpful, but fond of practical joking


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Holly King, The: Santa Claus


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Hong Jean
The creature has multi-color feathers including red, yellow, blue, black, and white. Each color represents a different meaning. The over all meaning is virtue, beauty, with honesty, and politeness. This creature also represents longevity and luck. Furthermore, the chirping of this bird is described as music from heaven.


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Hongsa
This creature shares similar traits to a swan. In Hindu religion, Hongsa is also the vehicle of Lord Brahma.


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Ho-oo                
The Ho-Oo is the Japanese phoenix, the Ho being the male bird and the Oo being the female. It comes to earth to do good deeds for people, and this appearance symbolizes the beginning of a new era. The bird then ascends back to heaven to await a new era. It is much like the Chinese Phoenix the Feng-Huang. The Ho-Oo has been adopted as a symbol of the royal family, particularly the empress. It is supposed to represent the sun, justice, fidelity and obedience.


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Hoop Snake (see also Little Blue Snake)
A legendary creature of the United States. Its distinguishing feature is that it can grasp its tail in its jaws and roll after its prey like a wheel, thus looking somewhat like the ouroboros of Greek mythology. The best way to save yourself is to jump through the hoop to confuse it.


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Host, The
See Unseelie Court.


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Howlers
Howlers are four legged sort of dog like creature. They are furless but have tough skin. They are equipped with long claws, and are covered in hard spikes along its back. They live in dark places and are often associated with evil. They are intelligent creatures that haunt in packs like wolves. There tactic for taking down prey is to charge it as a pack then back away then charge it again, they do this until the prey has succumbed.


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Hsigo                
The hsigo is much like the flying monkeys from The Wizard of Oz. They are monkeys with human faces. Their wings give these Chinese creatures the ability of flight.

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Huacas
Incan myth speaks of Huacas, stone forms of sprits or divine beings who watched over fields.


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Huldafolk
The huldafolk are fairly reclusive Scandinavian faeriefolk.


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Huldrafolk
These Elves are known as dark Elves not only because of their dark coloring, but also because of their nasty personalities.


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Huldres
In Norwegian folklore, beautiful women with long tails and brindled or light-colored bodies. Huldres, by their music, enchant men whose calling takes them among the mountains, but no harm can happen if the traveler carries a piece of steel, or of silver. In one tale, a smith captured a huldre in a wood, by holding over her the barrel of his rifle. He married the huldre; they quarreled because she wished to spit and roast their child for supper; but when he objected, the huldre threw round him a steel wire, and he had to give in.


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Humbata                
The Sumerian epic concerning Gilgamesh describes a creature called Humbata. The humbata is described as having the horns of a bull, the paws of a lion and the talons of a vulture.


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Hyldermoder
The Hyldermoder is one-of-a-kind. She is the guardian spirit of the sacred Elder tree of the Norse tradition, and is always dressed in a flowing green gown. She has the appearance and coutenance of an elderly and kindly but protective mother. She bears no malice toward humans unless they tamper with the Elder tree.


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Hydra                
The hydra of Greek mythology is a fierce creature born from Echinda and Typhon. This water serpent was known as having multiple heads, usually numbered at nine. It was the second of Heracles' twelve labors to kill the hydra. During the fight, every time Heracles chopped off one of the hydra's nine heads, two more grew in its place. So Heracles asked for the help of his nephew Iolaus, who would cauterize each stump when Heracles chopped off a head, preventing the re-growth of two heads. Because the last of the heads was immortal, Heracles was forced to bury it under a large boulder. After killing the Hydra, Heracles dipped his arrows in the blood of the beast. These arrows were used to kill Geryon. However, this labor was not counted as Heracles was aided by Iolaus. It is sometimes said that the hydra had the body of a dog. It is said that the breath of the hydra is so poisonous that it could kill a man just by inhalation.


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Hyphialtes: Succubi. See also Ephialtes


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Hyster sprites
Lincolnshire and East Anglican fairies/small and sandy colored, with green eyes.


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Ibis
A sacred bird of the ancient Egyptians, with a white body and a black head and tail. Its average length is around 30 inches, it has a long slender down-curved black bill, and a long upper neck. The lower neck, upper body and wings have white feathers. The legs are long and the feet are partly webbed.


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Ichneumon
The enemy of the dragon. When a dragon is seen the ichneumon covers itself with mud, closes its nostrils with its tail, attacks the dragon and kills it. (Like a mongoose killing a snake?)


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Ichthyocentuar                
The Ichthyocentaur is a variation of the centaur. This aquatic version of the centaur. It has the upper half of a man, the tail of a dolphin and the forelegs of a horse or lion. This beast symbolizes fertility.


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Ieimakids
Nymphs who are connected to meadows.


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Ieles
Ieles (Ee-lays) look like large bipedal cats. They are very dangerous and spend most of their time looking for human victims.


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Ikimizi (Ruanda): See also Chemosit


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Illes
Illes (pronounced Eels) are Trolls who live underground and can only come out at night. Like other Trolls, they are hairy and dark in color and are completely unclothed. They are very confusing if not dangerous to humans because they can shapeshift into beautiful human forms for just long enough to lure humans into their underground world.


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Illiamna Lake Monsters
Illiamna Lake in located in Alaska. This lake is 80 miles long and it boasts numerous unknown creatures dwelling in it's waters. While the sizes vary in the descriptions, the creatures are described as being grayish, broad headed, with long bodies and vertical tails. The sightings of these animals date back to the Indians living in this area. They feared the creatures and claimed that the animals had attacked and killed boaters on the lake. Pilots flying over the lake have seen the creatures sitting just below the waters surface. One theory is that these creatures are Beluga whales that have entered the lake from the sea. The residents of the area say they know what beluga whales look like since they are common sights, these creatures do not remotely resemble the Beluga whale.


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Imp
In folklore, fairies that are somewhat mischievous


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Impakta

On 13 June,1989 at Bantang,town of Caniwan,Burdeos Island, the Philippines, a two year old baby identified as Viena Rosales was bitten and murdered by a suspect known only as an old woman with long white hair touching the ground, white complexion, four feet tall and with two three fourths inch long canine teeth. The sister of the victim,2 year old Jeona Rosales saw her sister being taken out of her cradle and saw the suspect take the child into the grasslands.At 8:30PM of the same day the childs body was found lying near a river bank mutilated and bitten many times.

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Incubus
The male version of a Succubus:: See Succubus


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Inkanyamba
Creature which dwells beneath Howe Falls in South Africa. this, however, is not the only one. inkanyambas are common elements in the folklore of south African peoples, being huge water serpents with fore-flippers. cave paintings of such creatures are known as "rain animals" amongst archaeologists, cause they are always asociated with storms. a common beleif is that every summer the inkanyambas fling themselves intot he sky and become angry, wreaking havok everywhere they go. this is based on the fact that every summer the inkanyambas dissapear, at the same time that the summer storms occur. the snake-like shape of tornadoes help furthur the myth. Inkanyambas are most likely some kind of emmense eel, hence the large fore-flippers and elongate body.


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Ipotane
People with horse's feet.


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Irish Elves
Elf in Ireland is a generic term for non-winged faeries. They are comparable to the Gnomes of Scotland, a place which shares much of its folklore with the northern part of Ireland. Irish Elves are dwarf-like in appearance, usually sporting green or blue clothing and red caps. Males, females, and children have all been seen. They are friendly, but wary of humans.


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Irsh Sea Water Guardians
These Manx sea guardians are very small faeries, only a few inches high, who guard the stormy Irish sea and are beloved of the Sea God Manann. They are both male and female and are beautiful to see. A green-blue aura of light is said to dance around them. They are fierce guardians but are still disposed to help all living creatures in need on the sea if they are specifically asked to do so.


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Isnashi: See also Mapinguari


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Ishatar Dragon: see Dragon of Marduk

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Jackalope
The jackalope is an antlered species of rabbit, unfortunately rumored to be extinct, though occasional sightings of this rare creature continue to occur, suggesting that pockets of jackalope populations continue to persist in its native home, the American West. The jackalope is an aggressive species, willing to use its antlers to fight. Thus, it is also sometimes called the "warrior rabbit." Jackalopes possess an uncanny ability to mimic human sounds. In the old West, when cowboys would gather by their campfires to sing at night, jackalopes would frequently be heard singing back, mimicking the voices of the cowboys. Jackalopes become especially vocal before thunderstorms, perhaps because they mate only when lightning flashes (or so it is theorized). When chased, the jackalope will use its vocal abilities to elude capture. For instance, when chased by people it will call out phrases such as, "There he goes, over there," in order to throw pursuers off its track. The best way to catch a jackalope is to lure it with whiskey, as they have a particular fondness for this drink. Once intoxicated, the animal becomes slower and easier to hunt. Jackalope milk is particularly sought after because it is believed to be a powerful aphrodisiac (for which reason, the jackalope is also sometimes referred to as the 'horny rabbit'). However, it can be incredibly dangerous to milk a jackalope, and any attempt to do so is not advised. A peculiar feature of the milk is that it comes from the animal already homogenized on account of the creature's powerful leaps.


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Jack Frost
Jack Frost is an elfish creature who personifies crisp, cold weather. Jack is said to leave patterns in the autumn leaves and the patterns in the frost that are left on windows. It is thought that Jack frost comes from Norse mythology as Jokul who was the cause of icicles.


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Jack-In-Irons
A Yorkshire giant who haunts lonely roads.


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Jaculus
A flying serpent. It lies in wait in a tree until some animal comes, and then throws itself upon its prey to kill it. Also: flying serpents were supposed to migrate into Arabia over some unknown mountain pass, arriving every year like migrant birds.


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Jenny Greenteeth
Yorkshire River Hag who drowns children.


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Jenny Hanivers (see dragons)
Jenny Hanivers are small fake mythical beasts, made from the bodies of actual animals


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Jersey Devil, The
The origin of this winged monster dates back to about 1735 in a place known as Leeds Point, New Jersey; that is why it is also known as the Leeds Devil. There's actually a rather popular picture of the Jersey Devil that was illustrated by a newspaper artist in 1909 in which the sketch of the creature followed closely the verbal account of one Mrs Nelson Evans of Gloucester City in New Jersey. She describe it as about 6 feet tall with head like a collie dog and the face of a horse and it walked on its hind legs which were like those of a crane but it ended in hooves. It had a lone neck and bat-like wings with front paws that's similar to a cougar. I find the idea of a crane-like hind-legs rather whimsical for it can never support the weight of that body, not mention walk upright.


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Jigarkhwar
Usually a woman, this vampire-like sorceress found in the Sind region of india is most noted for her ability to extract someone's liver through a powerful piercing stare and incantations. The power of the jigarkhwar can be broken and a former one can detect her own kind.


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Jikininki
In Japanese myth, jikininki are demons, corpse-eaters, who eat dead human bodies. These demons are often the spirits of dead men or women whose greed prevented their souls from entering a more peaceful existence after death. They continue a half-life by devouring corpses. A particular myth tells of a strong-willed priest called Muso Kokushi who once kept watch near the body of a deceased person. Suddenly a jikininki arrived to devour it, but the priest's prayers liberated the demon's soul.


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Jimaninos
The Jimaninos (Heem-awn-neen-yo's) are the seasonal faeries of Mexico. They are winged, trooping faeries who look like pudgy children. They aid the Goddess in the turning of the Wheel of the Year.


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Jimbra: See also Yowie


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Jimmy Squarefoot
Frightening appearance but relatively harmless.


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Jingera: See also Yowie


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Jinn                
The jinn, or djinn are beings from Arabic lore. Being from before the creation of man, it is said that Allah created these beings from black, smokeless fire. They have transparent bodies that are made up of flame or vapour, and are able to assume different forms such as humans and animals. There are both jinns of a good nature which are generally handsome, and those that are evil and are hideous. Jinns can be very large and have the ability to become invisible. For the most part, jinns are good towards man. However, because they like to play ticks, their behavior can be unpredictable, and one can never know if their behavior is good or bad. Jinns are able to attain the lower heavens and can overhear an angel's prophecy. They therefore have great magical power over humanity. They are able to put us to sleep, transport us instantly to distant lands, and show us miracles, then return us to our beds. They can make us fall in love with them, making us marry them. the children of such unions can pass through wall, fly and age very slowly. Jinns love to throw stones at passersby from rooftops abduct beautiful women, and steal food. Invoking Allah's name is usually enough to prevent such trouble. Much like færies and brownies, a jinn will act towards a human in the same manner in which a human acted towards it. If you are good to a jinn, it will be good to you, if bad however, beware.


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Jinshin-uwo                
The source of all Japanese earthquakes, this seven hundred mile long eel carries Japan on its back. By lashing its large tail, the Jinshin-Uwo, or Earthquake fish causes these quakes.


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Jumping Worm: See also Tatzelwurm


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Jungli Admi
Allegedly, another mysterious primate, this time from India.Said to be a beast that likes very high elevations, and comes down to the lower valleys only in the cold weather. It is described as being covered with long yellowish-brown hair, including its face, and to stand about 4 ft tall, being as comfortable on the ground as it is on the tree tops.


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Jurramulli: See also Yowie


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Kachina
Ancestor spirits of the Pueblo Indians in North America. The Hopi also believed in kachinas, believing them to be the souls of virtuous dead people.


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Kaki Besar
Malaysia's Sasquatch. Reports of massive hairy creatures are also prolific at the Malayan jungle, varying from the usual Bigfoot descriptions to 25 feet tall giant apes.


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Kakundakári: See also Agogwe


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Karaweik
Mythical bird supposed to have a pleasant melodious cry. Considered as a sacred commuter bird.


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Karin Puksa or flying elephant
This creature has a blackish body of a fine elephant with blood red wings and tail of a bird. It can fly at great speed and distant. Like its elephant relative, Karin Puksa equipped with a pair of tusks used mainly for defense and crushing vegetation. The trunk, used much like a normal elephant’s, is used for grabbing and lifting objects, feeding, drinking, smelling, and making sound. A wing span twice as large as its body allows a Karin Puksa to lift itself in the air. The bird like tail’s used for directing the flight course.


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Kasai Rex
A strange animal allegedly living in the jungles of central Africa said to resemble a large, predatory dinosaur.


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Kappa                
The Kappa is a Japanese creature that has the body of a tortoise, the head of a monkey and limbs that are lined with scales. If treated with courtesy, this river dwelling creature is harmless. However, if it is ill-treated, it will prey on humans. The Kappa are about as close as any Japanese monster gets to being a vampire. These unattractive human-like children, had greenish yellow skin, webbed fingers and toes, and somewhat like a monkey with a long nose and round eyes. They had shells like tortoises, smelled like fish, and had a concave head that held water, which, if spilled, would cause the Kappa to lose its strength. Kappas fed from the edge of water, pulling creatures in, and sucking their blood out through their anuses (yes, you read that correctly).


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Kaptar: See also Almas


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Kathakano
The Kathakano is a Crete vampire much like your generic vampire, but can only be killed by chopping off the head and boiling it in vinegar.


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Kelpie, The
Is a Scottish water faerie. Although sometimes appearing in the guise of a hairy man, this is more often seen in the form of a young horse. The Kelpie haunts rivers and streams and, after letting unsuspecting humans mount him, will dash into the water and give them a dunking. Each Uisge (ech-ooshkya) or Aughisky (agh-iski) as he is known in Ireland, inhabits seas and lochs and is far more dangerous.


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Kemoit
In the belief of the Meni' Kaien, a real ghost in Belet, the afterworld. The soul leaves the dead body through the big toe and crosses the bridge Balan Bacham to the afterworld. It becomes a kemoit when the bones of its limbs are broken and the pupils of its eyes are turned inward by those who have preceded it to the land of the dead.


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Keres                
In Greek mythology, when the fates had decided the hour of death for a man, they would send the Keres to do their bidding. They were most often seen hovering over the battlefields, wearing red robes and had dark skin. They had sparkling eyes and vicious white teeth. At the moment of death the Keres would let out a chilling cry and descend down to the victim. They would then drink the blood from his wounds and carry him off to Hades.


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Kerit (Kakumega country, Kenya): See also Chemosit


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Khi Mee
This creature has a yellowish dog like body with thick neck fur and a bushy tail. Omnivorous in nature, Khimee belongs to Canine group of animal. Most of these animals hunt alone, but some catch their food in pack. Khi Mee has keen sense of smell and strong legs built for hunting. The main diets for Khi Mee are smaller animals such as squirrels, rabbits, etc. When sick, a Khi Mee has a way to heal himself by eating grass much like modern day dogs.


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Khi-Trau: See also Almas


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Khon Tun
A magical being that lives between the human world and the heaven, in the Himmapan forest. This race of creature is said to be very musical in nature. They are very keen on virtually all sorts of musical instruments. There are many places in old text and literature which mentioned Khon Tun.


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Kikambangwe(Ruanda): See also Chemosit


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Kikomba (West Africa): See also Chemosit


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Ki-lin                
Although the Chinese have many types of Unicorn, the Ki-Lin is the most famous. Japan has two types of unicorn, the Ki-Rin which is based upon the Ki-Lin and resembles it and the Sin-U which has lion-like features. The Chinese Ki-Lin is associated only with positive traits. It symbolizes wisdom, justice and rectitude. It appears only during the time of an upright ruler, or before the birth or death of a sage. It is depicted as having the head of a dragon with one horn, the mane of a lion, the body of a stag and the tail of an ox. The Ki-Lin has such care for living things that it will not step on a blade of grass or hurt an insect.


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Killmoulis, The
Particularly ugly Brownie who haunts mills. He is characterized by an enormous nose and no mouth. To eat he presumably stuffs the food up his nose. Although a Killmoulis works hard for the miller, he delights in practical jokes and can therefore be a hindrance rather than a help.


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Kine Pratie: See also Bunyip


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King Kong
In the classic 1933 Hollywood horror/adventure film from RKO, a gigantic prehistoric gorilla, brought from a remote island to New York City to be exhibited as a natural wonder, that escapes to cause mass destruction.


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Ki-rin    
The Ki-Rin is based on the Chinese Ki-Lin.


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Klaboutermannikin
They inhabit the figureheads of ships, giving them guidance and protection.


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Klippe
The Forfarshire name for a fairy.


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Knockers
Knockers are the most popular faeries in Cornwall, and will no doubt be familiar to readers of gothic mysteries. They are dwarf faeries who live in mines and caves of the region and play games and aid respectful miners.


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Kobolds
These are the German version of Knockers. They are known for causing problems for the miners and undoing their progress. To keep the miners guessing, they occasionally help them.


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Kocha Puksa
This is a bird based creature with several parts from other animals. Kocha Puksa has white body color with the head of an elephant, with lower body of a swan or Hongsa (see this reference), and the torso and arms like a Garuda (see this reference).


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Kochasri
A mixed lion that borrows head features from an elephant. The animal is said to be extremely strong as elephant and lion are both powerful creatures. Another similar creature with almost identical physical appearance as Kochasri is Tukka Tor.

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Koddoelo (Ngao state, Kenya): See also Chemosit


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Kongamato
Name of a legendary pterodactyl-like creature which supposedly inhabits the Jiundu swamps in the Mwinilunga District in western Zambia, near the border of Congo and Angola. The creature is described as having a wingspan between 4 ft. and 7 ft., smooth skin instead of feathers, a beak full of teeth, and being either black or red colored, which brings it to a close resemblance to the pterosaur.


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Kornbocke: See Phooka


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Korred
Bizarre looking and capricious but generally good natured guardians of Brittany's standing stones.


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Kospik
The name given by the Yaghan of Tierra del Fuego to the spirits of the dead who fly away to their eternal kingdom in the east.


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Kostchtshie
Russian Goblins, hideous in appearance, who live in the mountains of the Caucasus and are especially lustful after young girls.


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Koyoreowen (southern Australia): See also Yowie


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Kra-Dhan: See also Almas


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Kraisorn Jumlang
This creature has the head of a dragon and the body of regular Singh (Lion).


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Kraisorn Karwee
This creature has the head of a cow and the body of a lion. In some artist depictions, however, Kraison Karwee's represented as a one horn cow with lion body and the tail of a horse.


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Kraisorn Naga (see also Nagas Nagas)
A mixed lion with Naga features. With the head and tail of a Naga, Kraisorn Naga has the body of a lion and fully covered with scales.


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Kraisorn Puksa
A mixture of a lion and a bird. Light green in color, the creature has the body of a lion with the head and wings of a bird. The strange thing is the animal also has scaly skin.


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Kraisorn Rajasri
Vividly described in the story of Wessandon as a powerfully built, graceful lion with red mane, red lips, red tail tip, and red paws. The Kraisorn Rajasri belongs to the group of pure lions. The Kraisorn Rajasri is a solitary animal and able to communicate with others of its kind through a variety of sounds, including roars and grunts. It feeds mainly on large animals. With a large, broad head, and heavily muscled quarters, the lion is a perfect hunter. It hunts mostly on the ground, stalking or ambushing its prey and able to consume large animals like deer, mule, or horse in a single meal.


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Kraken
The Kraken, which is found primarily in Scandinavian myth, was a huge sea creature. It was said to lie at the bottom of the sea for a long time and then it would rest at the surface. When it was at the surface, sailors would mistake the creature for a chain of small islands, sometimes even landing on the creature and building camp, only to be drowned when the creature submerged. The kraken was supposed to have very large tentacles, which could seize even the largest ships. Like the Midgard serpent in the Norse myths, the Kraken was supposed to rise to the surface at the end of the world.


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Krvopijac
vampires except that they have only one nostril. They can be immobilized by placing wild roses around their graves. One way to destroy a krvopijac is for a magician to order its spirit into a bottle, which must then be thrown into a fire.


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Ksy-Giik: See also Almas


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Ksy Gyik: See also Almas


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Kubera
King of the Yakshas, the god of wealth. Usually depicted as a dwarfish figure with a paunch, bearing a money bag or pomegranate and seated on a man.


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Kujata                
The Kujata is a gigantic bull that has 4000 eyes, mouths, ears, nostrils and feet. This creature that comes from Moslem cosmology, and it stands on the giant fish Bahamut. On Kujata's back is a rock of ruby on which stands an angel. The body of the earth rests on the angel's shoulders. Under bahamut, lies an ocean; under the ocean an abyss of air; under that realm is fire; under that a serpent so omnipotent that, if it wasn't for its fear of Allah, it would swallow all creation. It is said that Kujata is so large that to travel from one ear to another or from on eye to another, it would take a journey of 500 years.


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Kul
A water spirit of the Eskimos in the Arctic, Kul may be malevolent but generally helps the Northern peoples with their fishing. As a show of gratitude, it is customary to offer him some of the fish caught at the beginning of the season.


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Kunchorn Waree
A marine based creature which has combined features of an elephant and a fish. With quite a strange combination; the creature has only elephant head, two front legs of an elephant and the body of a fish, the creature is able to swim swiftly under water.


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Kung-Lu:See also Gin-Sung


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Kurdalaegon
The Ossetian god of blacksmiths. He shoes the dead man's horse, thus helping him on his journey to the other side (the funeral ceremonies reflect this). Kurdalaegon's epithet is 'the heavenly one.'


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Kyriotetes: See also Dominions


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Ladon                
One of the twelve Labors of Heracles was to steal the golden apples of the Hesperides. These apples were guarded by three maidens and the monster Ladon. Ladon was a huge dragon with one-hundred heads. This dragon never slept and had the ability to talk. He was however, no match for Heracles, who killed him and stole the apples. In another Greek myth, the hero Jason had to defeat a dragon that never slept. This dragon guarded the golden fleece rather than the golden apples, and is sometimes called Ladon as well.


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Lady of the Lake, The
The Lady of the Lake is part of the Aruthurian myths. Her arm, holding the famous sword Excalibur, is most frequently seen by human eyes.


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La Femme Aux Serpents
This is a lewd woman suckling serpents, contorted with feet which become serpents, being bitten upon the breasts by serpents, flanked by serpents, with serpents pulling her hair, or associated with a knotwork of serpents.


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Lake Oymyakon Monster
In Sibertia, this Loch Ness-like creature has I a small snake like head on a long neck, a large body with four short legs and a dorsal fin running the length of it`s back, and a long tail. Its scaly body was a bluish-black in colour. It appeared to be browsing on the grass, a strange diet for such a creature.


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Lake Van Monster
Not reported until 1995 in Lake Van in Western Armenia in modern day Turkey. The are now more than 1,000 people claiming to have witnessed the beast which is reported to around fifteen meters long with spikes on it's back and appears similar to a Pleisiosaurus or Ichthyosaurus. Following these reports the Turkish government sent an official scientific survey group to the lake who failed to spot the creature.


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Lamassu                
Lamassu are human headed lions and bulls that guard the gates of Assyrian temples and palaces. They have wings, and therefore the power of flight and have great strength.


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Lamb Tree
A lamb that is grown from a plant. It remains attached to the plant through a cord in the navel. The lamb can graze within the length of the cord, but when it eats all the vegetation within reach, it dies. An alternative description is of a plant that has little pods that, when opened, has little lambs inside.


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Lamia                
In Greek myth, there was a beautiful queen of Lybia, Lamia, whom Zeus loved. Zeus gave her the power to remove and replace her own eyes at will. However, Hera, Zeus' wife, became enraged with jealousy and killed all of Lamia's children. After this, Lamia found and ate all the children she could find. Lamia was a beautiful woman from the waist up and from the waist down a serpent. In some legends, it says that despite the murder of her first children, Lamia had more that were called Lamiae. These were blood-sucking creatures that were half-human and half-serpent with four feet. The front feet had claws, and the back two were cloven hooves. It is said that if one is bitten by a Lamiae could only be cured by the sound of a Lamia's roar. In some variations, Lamiae were described as being the combination of a goat and a horse.


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Lampades
ymphs of the Underworld in Greek mythology. Companions of Hecate, the Greek titan goddess of Witchcraft and crossroads, they were a gift from Zeus for Hecate's loyalty in the Titanomachy. They bear torches and accompany Hecate on her night-time travels and hauntings. Some accounts tell of how the light of the Lampades' torches has the power to drive one to madness.The lampades were probably the daughters of various Underworld gods, Daimones, River gods, or nyx. The lampades' Roman name is Nymphae Avernales.


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Lampir: See Vrykolakas.


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Langsuir or Langsuyar
A Malaysian woman of great beauty, who bore a stillborn child, and when told of the condition of said child, she would be shocked(as any mother would), and after coming out of her stupor, she would clap her hands, and fly away into a nearby tree. She would then be seen every once in a while wearing a green robe, having long fingernails, and with ankle-length black hair. The hair hid an orifice in her neck with which she would suck the blood of children. To prevent a woman from becoming a Langsuyar, glass beads would be placed in her mouth to prevent banshee-like screams, eggs under her arms, and needles in her palms to prevent flying. It was supposedly possible to tame a Langsuyar. A Pontianak was the stillborn child of the Langsuyar.


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Leanansidhe or Leanhaum-shee
The Leanansidhe (Lan-awn-shee) is a beautiful female vampire faery. She is said to give inspiration to poets, but the reward for her services is death, or, at best, captivity in her kingdom.


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Leontophonus
A beast whose ashes are spread on meat in order to catch lions.


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Leprechaun
Generally described as a fairy shoemaker, this creature is a red
capped fellow who stays around pure springs and is known to haunt cellars. He spends his time drinking and smoking. One branch of the Leprechaun is known as the Fir Darrig, who is a practical joker; both are of the Solitary Fairies. Leprechauns have also been associated with the Earth-elemental Gnome, and when so done, is described as being a merry little fellow dressed all in green, instead of wearing a red cap, a leather apron, drab clothes and buckled shoes, and the boy, who has fairy blood in him, succeeds in winning a wealth of treasure from an underground cave, keeps his gain secret, and is the founder of a prosperous family.


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Leshy                
In Slavonic legend, Leshies are spirits of the forests. A Slavic woodland demigod who is born as the consequence of the lustful coupling of demons with women. They were all shape-changers and could make themselves small enough to hide under leaves. Usually they remain in human form, but they are easily recognized due to their blue complexion, a result of their blue blood. They also had long green beards. Their eyes are also green and pop out of their sockets. Some people say that they wear their clothes backwards and wear their shoes on the wrong feet.


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Lesidhe
The Lesidhe (Lay-shee) is a guardian of the forests who is always disguised as foliage. They appear to be androgynous and, even though they are usually found in groups, they seem to have little to do with one another. therefore they can be classified as solitaries rather than trooping faeries. Unless one gets up and walks about it is hard to distinguish them from the green plants and trees they hide among.


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Leucrocotta                
As documented by Pliny in book 8 of his Natural History, the Leucrocotta is swifter than any other beast. It has the haunches of a stag, and the head of a badger, the neck, breast and tail of a lion. Its mouth reaches from ear to ear and it is said that instead of teeth, it has ridges of bones.


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Leviathan
Leviathan was a large whale-like sea creature, who may have had 7 heads according to some legends. A lengthy description of him comes from the "Book of Job".


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Lich
A corpse.


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Lidérc
A Hungarian Succubus-like creature, that could appear as a person, animal, or shining light. It is said that they did not have the ability to shapechange, but rather existed in all shapes at once, choosing which form an observer might see it in.


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Li'l Fellas
Another Manx euphemistic name for The Good Neighbors.


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Limnades
Type of nymph. They lived in hazardous lakes and swamps.


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Limniades
Limniades (Leem-nee-od-ayes), a word from which we derive our word illuminate, are small blobs of pure light. Like their cousins, the English Will-O'-the-Wisps, they avoid humans.


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Lindwurm                
The lindwurm from Germanic lore, is a winged serpent that has no legs or feet. It has a scaly green-gold body, with which is guards treasures. The lindwurm symbolizes war and pestilence, and is known to eat cattle and people.


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Li'oa
(Solomon Islands) The Ghosts of chiefs, valiant fighters, and men with spiritual power.


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Little Folk: See Sleight Beggey.


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Little People of the Passamaquoddy Indians
There are two kinds of Little People among the Passamaquoddy Indians, the Nagumwa
suck and Mekumwasuck. Both kinds are two and a half to three feet in height, and both are grotesquely ugly. The Passamaquoddy Indians, who lived close to the Canadian border, used to migrate to the ocean in the summer and move inland in the winter. When they moved, their fairies moved with them. The little People can only be seen by the Indians. They live in the woods and are fantastically and individually dressed. Their faces are covered with hair, which strikes an alien note to the Indians. Oral tradition has it that they were made of stone.


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Lo-an (western Australia): See also Yowie


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Lob
The Lob is a small dark blob that looks rather like a rain cloud with arms who spends all his time deciding how he can make the most trouble. Fortunately for us, he is lazy and rarely carries through with his ideas, though he delights in human misery.


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Lobishomen
Vampire that attacks women and turns them into nymphomaniacs. (Brazil) Also known as werewolves. (Portugal)


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Loch Ness Monster (Nessie)
Within Scotland there is a large deep lake called Loch Ness. For ages people around the lake have told stories of seeing a strange creature or sea serpent within the Loch's dark waters. Some people have even been able to get pictures although they are blurry. Scientists are even probing the Loch's depths in hope of finding proof of it's existence.


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Loogaroo
The loogaroos are often old women, in the folklore of Haiti and other islands in the West Indies, who'd made pacts with the devil. The devil would ask for some warm blood each night, and in return, give the loogaroos magical powers. When retrieving blood, they would take their skin off, and take the form of a fiery ball of light.


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Lorelei
The Lorelei (Lore-ah-lie) is a lovely young woman faery who sits on the cliffs above the Rhine River and sings, luring sailors to their deaths in the rocks below.


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Loto
Brownish in color, the creature has claw feet. The rest of the body looks pretty much like other lion based creatures. The origin of its name is quite uncertain. In Chinese, however, the word "Loto" means Camel.


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Loup-garou
In Haiti, the voodoo sorcerers can turn into a loup-garou, a kind of ghost mosquito which sucks the lives out of children. It is said that the male 'zobop' 9sorcerer) can change at will, whereas the female one may change into a loup-garou against her will. In some books, it is called "loogaroo", which is the American approximate phonetic translation of the French. Note that the term in French-speaking Europe, is not a vampire but a werewolf, loup being a wolf.


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Loveland Frog
This creature has been seen by numerous people in the area around Loveland, Ohio. The witnesses include Police officers who observed the creatures on the side of the road. The officers watched as the giant frog like creature jump down an embankment and out of sight. The descriptions of the creature all seem to match. The man-like creature is 3 to 5 feet tall. It walks upright like a human and has webbed hands and feet. The head is that of a large frog or lizard. It's skin appears to be leathery.


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Lunantishess
The tribes that guard the blackthorn trees or sloes in Ireland; they let you cut no stick on the eleventh of November (the original November Day), or on the eleventh of May (the original May Day).


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Lunantissidhe
The Lunantisidhe (Loo-nan-tee-shee) are thin and wizened in appearance and look like small, bald, old men. They have pointed ears and long teeth, and long arms and fingers which enable them to climb easily through the blackthorn trees which are their home. They are found in groups, but they are neither trooping nor solitary. They are said to hate humans with a fervent passion.


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Lupogryph
A Lupogryph is a gryphon with canine parts instead of the usual feline parts. If in heraldry the representation of the gryphon is that of strength and vigilance, then the lupogryph would be swiftness and surveillance; cause the combination would definitely enhance the existing senses making it more acute; therefore allowing the lupogryph to be the ultimate tracker or seeker of golds and gemstones amongst the Gryphon breeds.


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Lurkers
Like a trap door spider. The size of a small horse. Lurks in a camouflaged hole. The term lurker is also used to describe shadowy figures, often at the edge of perception.


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Lutins
The Lutins are expert shapeshifters who have not held one form long enough for any human to characterize their appearance. They are extremely capricous, being useful one minute and destructive the next.


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Luxuria Figures
The woman as damned temptress - usually on the verge of being carted off wholesale to Hell.


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Ly Erg
This faerie yearned to be a soldier. He dresses like one and cannot be distinguished from human soldiers except by his red stained hands, red from the blood he has shed.


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Lympago                
As recorded in heraldic texts, the Lympago is a man-lion or a man-tiger.


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Maeroero or Maero (see Moehau)

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Magan
Mythical sea monster resembling a crocodile with a prehensile snout.


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Mage: See Wizard


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Magilum
The boat of the dead in Mesopotamian mythology.


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Makalee Pon
Strange female beings which are born from magical trees exist only in Himmapan Forest. The strange tree would yield fruits, and Makalee Pon would come out of these fruits once they are ripe.


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Mal-de-Mer
No Mal-de-Mer has been described or even seen by a human. They live in the sea near Cornwall and Brittany and prey on ships.


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Mamau: See Bendith


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Mamba Mutu
A monster from Lake Tanganyika, the mamba mutu is a fish-tailed human which raids villages and devours the blood and brains of its victims.


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Mamlambo
Allegedly, a creature "half horse, half fish" that inhabits the Mzintlava River in the Mount Ayliff area of South Africa.The beast has been said to be at least 20 meters (67 ft) long, with short stumpy legs, crocodilian body, the head and neck of a snake, and to have a hypnotic gaze. Furthermore, it supposedly glows in the dark, emitting an eerie green light. This exotic creature is blamed for the death of at least seven people, and several animals, including livestock. According to the locals, it kills by dragging its victims underwater, drowning them and subsequently sucking their blood and brains out.


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Mammoth
Common name for several extinct species of the elephant family. Mammoths had long, recurved tusks, reaching a length of about 3.2 m (about 10.5 ft), a shaggy covering of long, thick hair, and a prominent hump on the back.


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Manananggal
Causing great fear in Manila in 1992, the manananggal is a sort of vampire which appears as a woman who can cut her body in two; the top half flies around after dark, searching for infants to devour. The two halves must reunite before daybreak. The manananggal can be warded off with a sting ray's tail.


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Maneden
A creature that dwelt in a wild pandanus plant. If a human attacked the plant, the creature would retaliate by attaching itself to a man's elbow (or a woman's nipple) where it sucked his blood until he gave something in substitution, such as a nut. (Malaysia)


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Manipogo
Canada's version of the Loch Ness Monster, this creature is a dinosaur era creature that has been spotted in Lake Manitoba.


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Mandrake
Mandrake is a long leaved  (nearly a foot long, and 6" wide) dark green plant with small greenish-yellow or purple bell-shaped flowers that grow on 3-4" stalks. The flowers eventually fruit into small orange-colored fleshy berries with a strong, apple-like scent, hence the name Satan's Apples. It is best known for the large brown root, running 3 to 4 feet into the ground sometimes single and sometimes forked into two or three distinctive branches (bifid) which gives the plant a rough resemblance to that of a human monster form.  Magically speaking, the female mandrake carries forked that look like a pair of human legs, whereas the male has only a single root. In the old Herbals we find them frequently figured as a male with a long beard, and a female with a very bushy head of hair The female form is the most sought after for magic and medicinal use. It was the female form that was carved in the Middle Ages (in Germany and France) into manikins.


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Mandurugo
A Filipino female vampire found in the region of capiz, said to be a beautiful woman during the day and a foul flying fiend at night. All mandurugo wed young men, thus providing for themselves with a constant blood supply. When not feasting secretly upon an unsuspecting husband, the mandurugo flies away in the dark of night, hunting for prey until dawn, when she returns home.


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Mannikins: See Elves


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Manote Thiha
Fabulous mythical creature with a man's torso and a lion's hindquarters, depicted in a squatting posture on forked haunches. It has six legs.


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Manticore, Mancomorion,Manticora, Mantichora, Manticory, Martikora, Mantiserra
Physically, the manticore was know as having the body of a red lion, human face, ears and blue eyes, three rows of teeth in each jaw, a fatal sting like a scorpion's in the end of his tail, and poisoned spines along the tail which could be shot, like arrows in any direction. The manticore was also attributed with having a voice that was the mixture of pipes and a trumpet. The beast is very swift and has very powerful leaps. The manticore is reputed to roam in the jungles of India, and is known to have an appetite for humans.


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Mantygre
The body of a tiger, and the head of an old man with horns. Sometimes the horns are shown more like those of an ox, or the feet more like a dragon's. This creature was mostly found in medieval heraldry.


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Ma Peeks or Winged Horses
These creatures appear not only in Himapan stories but also make their appearances in other cultures as well like the legend of Pegasus in Greek mythology, Winged horse in old chinese tales. Although descriptions about various winged horses may be different from one culture to another, one thing remains the same and that is all winged horses are equipped with a set of bird like wings and able to fly with great speed. Ma Peek is one of the Himapan creatures that combines the characteristics of a bird and a horse together. Other magical beasts in Himapan tales that inherit this type of mix are Durong Puksin, Haymara Ussadorn, and Ussa Dorn Vihok (see these references).


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Mapinguari or Mapinguary (see also megatherium)
Brazil's Bigfoot, described as a tall black-furred hominid usually seen in the jungles along the 'Rio Araguaia', a large river in Brazil's state of Mato Grosso do Sul.


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Marakihan                
The Marakihan is a large sea creature with the head of a man and the body of a fish. It is usually found around the islands of New Zealand. It has a long tubular tongue, and with it, draws canoes and small boats into its mouth and devours them.       


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Marassa Jumeaux
The ghosts of dead twins in Haitian voodoo.


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Mareet
A giant in the tale of Ramayana (Ramakien). He's the son of Khaknasoon (also a giant) and a relative to Tossakan, the main villain in the story. Tossakan wanted to capture Lady Sita (Sida) so he commanded Mareet to transform himself into bait (as a golden deer). That's why Mareet’s depiction is a half giant-half deer creature.


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Maricoxi
South America's Bigfoot. Ape-like creatures have been reported in many areas of South America, and they go by many different names, depending on the region.


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Marozi aka spotted lion)
Claimed to be a rare, natural hybrid of a leopard and lion or perhaps an adult lion which retained its childhood spots. It is believed to have been smaller than a lion but slightly larger in size than a leopard and lacking any distinguishable mane. Although it has been reported to be seen in the wild and the skin of a specimen exists, it has yet to be confirmed as either a separate species or subspecies.


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Mary Player: See Lorelei


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Masani
A terrible female vampire of India, black in appearance, with a hideous countenance. Her hunts are conducted at night, beginning with her emergence from the ashes of a funeral pyre.


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Masseriol
The Masseriol (Mahs-air-ee-oel) dresses all in red, has an elderly face, and a booming laugh that is somewhere between the cry of a horse and a goat. He can be hepful, but he has a very high opinion of himself. He is plump, but always impeccably well dressed and groomed. They are always male.


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Mati-anak: See also Ponti-Anak


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Mastodon
Common name for any of the extinct elephantlike mammals that constituted the family Mastodontidae of the order Proboscidea ('long snouted'). The leaf-eating mastodons were widely distributed in the forests of the world from Oligocene to Pleistocene times. Their remains have been found worldwide and are often remarkably well preserved. Like the modern elephant, the mastodon was very large, with thick, sturdy legs; a huge head; tusks; and a flexible, muscular trunk. Like the mammoth, the mastodon was covered with shaggy hair. The animals differed from elephants and mammoths, however, in having complete tuberculate teeth. Their upper tusks were long and curved; they had transverse crests on their grinding teeth. Mastodon americanus, almost the size of a modern Indian elephant, was common throughout what is now the United States; it did not become extinct until about 8000 years ago.


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Matuyu: See also Curupira


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Mawas
Another mysterious primate, this time from Malaysia. The Mawas, which curiously enough is also the regional word from Indonesia for the orangutan, are described as being between 5 and 8 feet tall, covered with long shaggy shiny black or dark brownish hair.


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Mayura Khon Tun
Has mixed features of Khon Tun (see this reference) and a Peacock.


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Mayura Wane Tai
This is a mixed creature with traits from a peacock and a Garuda (see this reference).


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Mazikeen
Also known as the shideem or shehireem, these Jewish faeries know much of magic and enchantment. They were born when Adam and Eve were excommunicated for 130 years for eating of the tree of knowledge. Female spirits lay with Adam, and male spirits with Eve, and of these unions were born the Mazikeen. They are a rank between men and angels. They have wings and can fly, tell the future, and like to feast and drink, marry and have children. They can also shape shift.


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Mbielu-Mbielu-Mvielu
Creature said to have large planks coming out of its back. The natives say these planks are not the same as the serrated ridges of a crocodile or some lizards. Likouala swap region of the Republic of Congo on the continent of Africa. Lives in the rivers and lakes of the area.


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Mecheny
Wildman of Siberia, knicknamed "marked" because of the the whitish skin skin seen on its left forearm which was the only part of its body not covered by red-brown hair.


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Medusa: See Gorgon Medusa


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Megalania prisca
This was a giant monitor lizard. It is extinct, and known only from fossil evidence. The related Komodo Dragon can reach a length of up to 10 feet (3 meters), but Megalania was at least twice as big, with fossils suggesting up to 23 feet (7 meters). Megalania has been extinct since the ice age.


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Megalodon aka Megatooth shark
It was a giant shark that lived between 5 million and 15,000 years ago, recent enough to have seen our ancestors.


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Megatherium aka Mapinquari
Were a group of elephant-size giant sloths that lived from 2 million to 8,000 years ago. Their smaller giant sloth cousins were the Mylodon.


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Meh-Teh: See also Yeti


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Melch Dick: See Churn Milk Peg and Melch Dick.


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Meliae
Nymphs of the manna-ash tree. They appeared from the drops of blood spilled when Cronus castrated Uranus. The most notable of the Meliae is Melia.


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Memecoleous: See also Manticore


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Menehunas
Menehunas are the most well-known faeries in Polynesia, and are seen as Elves in native dress who live in the tropical forests. They can be tricksters, but they will also serve humans.


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Merewipers: See Lorelei


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Merfolk
Merfolk are a mythical race which has grown from tales sailors have told across the world. Merfolk are basically human but have a fish's tail, they are able to breath underwater. Merfolk are said to be beautiful and that many Mermaids (female Merfolk) have fallen in love with sailors that they have rescued. Merfolk tend to carry Tridents (three headed spears) as weapons. They are said to be able command creatures in the sea, and ride upon seahorses.


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Mermaids
Entice human lovers with their songs of enchantment. They cause ship wrecking storms and are most frequently seen combing their long hair whilst admiring themselves in mirrors.


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Mermecolion                
The mermecolion is a lion. The special feature that sets him apart from other lions is the fact that his genitalia are backwards.


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Merrows
The Irish Merpeople are called Merrows and they can be distinguished from other sea dwelling faeries in that they wear red feather caps to propel themselves down to their homes in the depths. Should their caps be stolen, they can no longer return to their watery homes. The female Merrow are very beautiful and, like other mermaids, appear before storms as an omen, but they are gentle by nature and often fall in love with mortal fishermen. This can partly be explained by the extreme ugliness of the male Merrows. Despite their alarming aspect, the males too have their redeeming features as they are generally jovial in character.


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Metoch-Kangmi: See also Abominable Snowman


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Midgard Serpent                
The Midgard Serpent, also known as Jormangund, was a monster of Norse mythology. Jormangund was the second of three children of Loki and the giantess Angraboda. The first was Fenris, the third was Hel. The Midgard Serpent (sometimes called Midgardsorm) was said to circle the Norse world, with its tail in its mouth, an easily recognizable symbol of eternity. This serpent was an antagonistic figure in the myths. On a couple of occasions, Thor attempts to kill the serpent, and aids some sailors and fishermen when they get into trouble with the beast. The fact that The Thunder god Thor was great enemies with this beast plays prominently into the Norse myth of Ragnorok, the twilight of the Gods -- the end of the world. In this gigantic battle, the Midgard Serpent comes from the ocean to join in the battle. The beast and Thor fight bitterly, finally the beast is killed, but not before the venom of the beast overcomes Thor and he dies.


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Minhocão
Allegedly, an amphibian creature reputed to be similar to a huge earthworm that surfaced in South America in the late nineteenth century, when many sightings were reported in the 'São Francisco' river region. The aborigines call it Mboi-assu, meaning 'big snake'. The beast has been said to be at least 25 meters (82 ft) long and a meter (3.28 ft) thick, capable of overturning boats, capturing livestock and dragging it under the water, besides digging enormous subterranean trenches.


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Minotaur                
A half-man half-bull monster from Crete, it is the product of the Queen, Pasiphae and a bull sent by Poseidon. Her husband, Minos, commissioned that a labyrinth be built for this beast on Crete. The minotaur, usually pictured as having a human body and a bulls head, would be sent seven boys and seven girls yearly to be eaten. Eventually Theseus killed the minotaur in the labyrinth.


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Miru
The god of the dead who collects souls in his cave, Lua-o-Milu. His servants are large lizards who live on the flies in the underworld. Miru is also a demonic goddess who lives in Avaiki, in the nether world below the island of Mangaia in the Cook Islands. She devours the souls of men after stupefying them with kava (an intoxicating beverage brewed from the roots of kava plant). She possess cellars full of the stuff. Her large oven, where she cooks her victims, burns eternally. The Tapairu are her daughters. In Maori traditions, Miru is the Queen of the Spirit World, called the Spirit Queen. She has four beautiful daughters and her son is Tau-Titi.


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Mirygdy: See also Almas


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Mngwa (the strange one) aka the Nunda
A gigantic, ferocious, gray felid, said to stalk the East African country of Tanzania. Described as, "the size of a donkey," English contact with this animal first began in the 1900's.


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Moa
Giant flightless birds of New Zealand. Ten species are known, of varying sizes, with the largest species, the Giant Moa (Dinornis robustus and Dinornis novaezelandiae), reaching about three metres (ten feet) in height and about 250 kilograms (550 pounds) in mass. They were the dominant herbivores in the forest ecosystem. Moa became extinct around the year 1500


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Moehau aka as Maeroero or Maero
A hairy creature, very man-like in appearance with bony fingers that would stab their prey. They were a solitary people, but would kidnap people if given the chance


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Moerae, The
These faeries of Greece usually appear in groups of three representing a young girl, a middle-aged woman, and an old woman, or else they appear just as three middle-aged women. They are neither helpful nor harmful to humans, but dispense fate as they see fit.


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Mokele-Mbembe: aka N’yamala, Guanérou, Diba
A central Africa nessie, but unlike the celebrated monster often spotted in Loch Ness, Mokele-Mbembe (literally, "one who stops the flow of rivers"), the creature reputed to haunt the Likouala swamps and Lake Tele in Central Africa, is little known and even less recorded. No photographs of it exist, for Central Africa, unlike the Scottish Highlands, is not on the tourist trail.


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Momo (Missouri): See also Bigfoot


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Monaciello
Monaciello (Moe-nah-see-ail-oh) means "little monk," which is how their hooded cloak-dress makes them appear. He always wears red and is always drunk, but is not unfriendly. A similar Italian faery who lives in caves is called a Monachicchio, but he is a mean drunk.


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Mongolian Death Worm (see Allghoi Khorkhoi)


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Monoceros                
A form of unicorn, the monoceros has the head of a stag, the body of a horse, the feet of an elephant and the tail of a boar.


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Monocoli: See Sciapodae


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Mono Grande or Mon Rei
Ape-like creature that have been reported in many areas of South America. The Mono Grande (Spanish for large or big monkey) has been described as being 5 ft tall and extremely aggressive, yielding thick branches or clubs at potential treats or trespassers.


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Monster of Flatwoods, West Virginia
In the eastern state of West Virginia, there lies the town of Flatwoods. Flatwoods, West Virginia is just like any other town...That is if you exclude the events on September 12, 1952. That day in September is definitely a memorable one to the locals of Flatwoods. Just as the New Jersey Devil is to New Jersey and as the Dover Demon is to Dover. On the afternoon of September 12th, Sheriff Carr and his deputy Long were given a report of an object falling to earth. Not long afterwards, a similar report was given by local school students. However it was the night of this where the most interest lies. Shortly before the sunset, four boys saw an object fall on a hill. Bringing an adult named Kathleen May and her two boys along, they journeyed up the hill. What they found was quite interesting. Twas’ a large sphere-like object which was reported to have a diameter of about ten feet. Now, afterdark, two lights suddenly shone from a distance. One of the members of the group directed his flashlights towards the two lights. However these were not just any lights...they were eyes! They were the eyes of a creature about ten feet in height. The eye witnesses described it as having, “a bright red face, bright green clothing, a head which resembled the ace of spades, and clothing which, from the waist down, hung in great folds”. Shortly after the creature realized it had been sited, it began to hover towards the witnesses. The group then retreated. Mrs. May called Sheriff Carr while the four friends called their “buds”. Even later that night, the original group, the sheriff, the kids’ friends, a giant mob of locals climbed the hill to see what has been reported. However nothing mysterious was found. All that was mysterious was that of a peculiar odor. The next day, “two parallel skidmarks and a circle of flattened grass” was discovered. Unopened-minded authorities tried to explain it as being that of a comet or meteor and nothing else. And that the so called creature was just an animal wrongfully identified. These are absurd solutions which do not solve many factors of the event. These include the fact that a meteor or comet crater would be clearly visible in the night. Also, there are no known species of a land animals that are ten feet tall, stand on two legs, and that also on top of that has a red face. Beginning the next night, other sightings were reported. A mother and daughter claimed to have spotted the creature not many miles from the hill. A non-resident of Flatwoods reported seeing a “bright orange object” hovering over Flatwoods. There was one more couple who reported an observation of unusual objects overhead Flatwoods, and also reported seeing the monster. Many investigators looked into this incident such as the famous John Keel (author of the Mothman Prophecies). A "festival" was recently held for the 50th year anniversary of the event. Though it has been exactly fifty years since this event the people of Flatwoods have never solved the mysteries of September 12th, 1952.


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Mooinjer Veggey / moo-in-jer vegar
The Little People is a familiar Manxman term for the faeries who dwell on the Isle of Man; see Sleigh Beggey.


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Moondogs
These are magical beasts, summoned by worshipers of Lilith as guardians and trackers. They are utterly silent, even when moving through areas where they should make noise. They do not bark, or make any other social canine sounds. The only vocalization they have is their howl. That howl is a sound of terror and death, sounding different to each person that hears it. The beast radiates an aura of fear that only those bonded with them are immune to. They look like long legged hunting hounds, being slender of frame, with narrow heads. Their muzzles are full of short, very sharp teeth, which they use to shred their prey. Their primary diet is not flesh, however. It is fear. They feed by some unknown manner on the fear they create, which is drained from their victims like life force. They also drain the life energy from the earth around them, and can nullify incantations created with that magic by draining it. It is not known how they affect other forms of magic. One tribe of Lutins has taken these creatures as their tribal totem, having any number of them with their tribe at any one time. The entire tribe seems to be immune to their fear effects.


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Moon Woman
A woman who lays eggs, and sits on them, hatching giants.


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Mormo
A hideous female vampire found in Greek mythology, said to be part of the goddess Hecate entourage and not quite as replusive as the empusa. The mormo is also believed to be similar to the lamia.


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Moss People, The
Moss People are both male and female and have large butterfly wings attached to the little bodies that look mostly human. They are very beautiful creatures though hard to detect in the wild, where they tend to hide in moss and other dark wood foliage. They are shy of people and very capricious.


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Mother Holle
A crone who lives at the bottom of old wells. She dispenses justice and might aid you with guidance and divination if she likes you.


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Mothman
Creature described by eyewitnesses as being between 5 and 7 feet tall, having wings instead of arms, which were folded against its back when not in use; its legs were like those of a man; it had shoulders but no neck; its eyes were glowing red and 2 to 3 inches wide, set near to the top of its shoulders, because it did not have a head. Its wingspan was estimated at about 10 feet. Many sightings were reported in the area of Point Pleasant, West Virginia, in the years 1966 and 1967. According to these reports, Mothman never harmed any humans (other than frightening them), but it may have eaten a pet dog. It is said Mothman's appearence is a warning, leading to events that have been preordained and which will come to pass. They say he preceeds a killing disaster.
An eye-bar suspension bridge located 265.1 miles below Pittsburgh, PA it was the only bridge across the Ohio River between Middleport, OH and Huntington, WV. At approximately 5:04 pm December 15, 1967 the Silver Bridge Collapsed and forty-six people lost their lives. Forty-four bodies were recovered and two are still missing. Part of the mothman legend is that all the paranormal phenomena suddenly came to a halt after the Silver Bridge went for a dip in the Ohio River. This isn't true.

Fast Forward: 2003 Wise County, Texas..... On June 2, 2003, about 6 a.m. a postal worker traveling east on County Road 3673 in Wise County, Texas, slammed on the brakes of her white Mustang when a frightened group of deer suddenly bolted across the road in front of her. Incidents with wild deer are nothing new in this mostly rural county but this time there was a bizarre twist-- the deer were being chased by two red fireballs about the size of basketballs. On January 12, 2004 a young girl reports by cell phone the appearance of a large black bird outside of a school yard in Wise County, Texas. That was just one of many such reports since June of 2003.

Then there is the mysterious problem with bacterial infections. Marty Murphy, a professional home builder required two visits to the emergency room in July of 2003 after seeing nine instances of mysterious lights near County Road 3673. Being diagnosed with an acute bacterial infection (cellulitis - precursor of streptococcal staph) he required several rounds of antibiotics and has been permanently scarred by this event. I was diagnosed with the same bacterial infection after viewing a similar event, though less serious in nature. Dean Stermer after being abroad for many years in the service our country was fighting a recurring bacterial infection (streptococcal staph) that suddenly became very serious and required medical attention and antibiotics after investigating cattle deaths in the area. He is also permanently scarred by this. The postal worker that viewed the fireballs; diagnosed with an acute infection (cellulitis) of the eye. Two different doctors initially thought that she had suddenly developed a tumor in her eye but after a month of antibiotics changed the diagnosis to just that of an infection caused by a burn of the eye (yes, just like the movie...red burned eyes). All of us had a pre-existing condition ie: cuts, lacerations, or boils prior to infection and exposure to the investigation. Wise County Regional Hospital Infectious Disease Unit reports that instances of cellulitis and streptococcal staph that require hospitalization were up ten fold in 2003 compared to 2002. Non-admittable cases that would include boils and rashes were also significantly up in 2003. Researchers on the Point Pleasant investigation reported similar problems.

By far the strangest and most intriguing part of this investigation has been the 'Name Game'. This is a term which refers to the names of people that died on the Silver Bridge in 1969. The last names of these people pop-up repeatedly during the initial investigation in Point Pleasant, West Virginia. For example a person with the last name Turner was the first to report seeing the Mothman in West Virginia, this person also died on the Silver Bridge and the body was never found. The postal worker who first reported the fireballs in Wise County also comes from the Turner family. An unusual and gruesome trend was seen occurring in Wise County, many people with the same last names as the Silver Bridge victims were dying. From June 2003 - November 2003 twenty-three people with the same last names have died. Since November there has been six more. Some of the people have died of natural causes while others seemingly young and vibrant have just stopped breathing and some have met with violent ends. The staff here cannot possibly speculate as to what this means. All we can do is report that it is happening and is continuing to happen. What will happen here in Wise County when the 'Death List' has been filled?


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Mothra
Mothra is the benevolent Goddess of Infant Island; a small island located in the South Pacific. She is also the Goddess of the Earth as well as the entire Cosmos. She protects her followers on Infant Island and even her non-followers on the rest of the planet against threats from other sectors and galaxies such as King Ghidora, and against common threats such as Godzilla. Mothra is a Goddess who survives eternally by reincarnation. She is born, grows, and dies, but always reincarnates as her successor which may look a bit different from her former reincarnation. She represents peace and renewal and is loved and revered by her followers.


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Mucha Naga (see also Nagas Nagas)
"Mucha" which means fish and "Naga". Hence the creature possesses both features from the 2 base creatures. Mucha Naga has the head of a Naga with the body and tail of a fish.


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Mucha Nu
A mixed creature with the body of a monkey but with scaly fish tail. He is one of the heroes in the epic tale of Ramayana. He's the son of the great monkey, Hanuman, and a giant's daughter, Suwanna Mucha. Although his mother is the daughter of the main villain giant, Tossakan, she has the upper body of a beautiful woman and the lower body of fish like a mermaid.


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Muireartach
There is only one of her. She is an old woman who is bald, has jagged teeth, a blue-gray complexion, and one great eye. Her intent has always been painted as malevolent, but this is unclear.


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Mu-Jimi (Japan): See also Bigfoot


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Mulen: See also Almas


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Mulo
This literally means, "one who is dead." The Mulé(Mulo plural) are believed in by Gypsies. A Mulo was any individual, especially a person who died an untimely death(suicide, accident), that might become a vampire and search out the person or persons who caused their death. Physical appearance of Mulé is usually normal, except for a possible missing finger, animal-like appendage, or other such abnormality. The Slavic and German Gypsies often believed that vampires had no bones, and thus, the Mulé supposedly were boneless.


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Mumiai
Best known for persecuting peasants, especially those of the lowest castes, who had stolen from their neighbors or demonstrated their dirty habits. The Mumiai toss their belongings in the air, break their pottery and trample on their gardens, finally forcing them to move out of their villages.


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Mungkorn Sagunee
This is a mixed creature with the head of a dragon and the body of a bird.


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Mungkorn Vihok
A four-legged creature with combined physical features of a dragon, a bird, and a cow. Its head resembling dragon's. Its cattle like body is covered with dark purple color and equipped with two functional wings and bird-like tail.

Murdhuachas
Murdhachas (Mer-oo-khas), one of several races of Irish sea faeries, are often mistaken for Merpeople (Mermaids and Mermen). Like them they possess fish-like lower bodies, but rather than having humanoid upper bodies, they have the upper bodies and heads of other mammals. Their temperament is ambivalent.


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Muryans
Muryan is the Cornish word for ant. The Cornish belief about the fairies was that they were the souls of ancient heathen people, too good for Hell and too bad for Heaven, who had gradually declined from their natural size, and were dwindling down until they became the size of ants, after which they vanished from this state and no one knew what became of them.


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Muscaliet
A fruit-eating animal living in the country of the three dry trees which announced to Alexander of Macedonia the day of his death. It climbs trees to eat and hollows out its nest under the roots, and it flies with the strength of its tail.


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Mushussu                
Identified with the constellation hydra, this creature is a three headed dragon, that served under Tiamat.


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Musimon
In medieval European heraldry, the image of the musimon is used to symbolize one in authority who leads with strength. Used in this sense, the musimon, also known as "tityrus" or "tytron", is a cross between a goat and a sheep; it has the feet and body of a goat, the head and beard of a ram, and two horns from each for a total of four -- two curved and two straight.


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Mysterians, The
The Mysterians, who are apparently human but always wear color-coded padded flight suits and helmets, destroyed their own planet with nuclear weapons and now want nothing more than 3 kilometers of land and five earth women with whom they may perform fertility experiments.


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MYTHICAL CREATURES: N-Z